The enzyme serum paraoxonase plays an important role in antioxidant defences and prevention of atherosclerosis. Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a clinical condition associated with increased oxidant stress and cardiovascular mortality. Two common polymorphisms of serum paraoxonase, PON1 Leu(55)Met and Gln(192)Arg, have been postulated to modulate the cardiovascular risk. We studied 915 subjects with angiographic documentation: 642 subjects with coronary atherosclerosis and 273 with normal coronary arteries. Two hundred and twenty-four subjects met the diagnostic criteria of MS. We found a significant interaction between MS and both the PON1 polymorphisms in determining the risk of coronary artery disease (P < 0.05 by likelihood-ratio test). The 55Leu and the 192Arg alleles, associated with reduced protection against lipid peroxidation, were associated with coronary artery disease only in the MS subgroup. Subjects with MS and both 55Leu and 192Arg alleles had significantly increased risk (OR=9.38 with 95% CI=3.02-29.13 after adjustment by multiple logistic regression) as compared to subjects without MS and with 55Met/Met-192Gln/Gln genotype. No increased risk was found for subjects with MS and the 55Met/Met-192Gln/Gln genotype. This study highlights a potential example of genetic (paraoxonase polymorphisms)-clinical (MS) interaction influencing cardiovascular risk.
|Titolo:||Interaction between metabolic syndrome and PON1 polymorphisms as a determinant of the risk of coronary artery disease|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|