Protein oligomerization is key to countless physiological processes, but also to abnormal amyloid conformations implicated in over 25 mortal human diseases. Human Angiogenin (h-ANG), a ribonuclease A family member, produces RNA fragments that regulate ribosome formation, the creation of new blood vessels and stress granule function. Too little h-ANG activity leads to abnormal protein oligomerization, resulting in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) or Parkinson's disease. While a score of disease linked h-ANG mutants has been studied by X-ray diffraction, some elude crystallization. There is also a debate regarding the structure that RNA fragments adopt after cleavage by h-ANG. Here, to better understand the beginning of the process that leads to aberrant protein oligomerization, the solution secondary structure and residue-level dynamics of WT h-ANG and two mutants i.e., H13A and R121C, are characterized by multidimensional heteronuclear NMR spectroscopy under near-physiological conditions. All three variants are found to adopt well folded and highly rigid structures in the solution, although the elements of secondary structure are somewhat shorter than those observed in crystallography studies. R121C alters the environment of nearby residues only. By contrast, the mutation H13A affects local residues as well as nearby active site residues K40 and H114. The conformation characterization by CD and 1D 1H NMR spectroscopies of tRNAAla before and after h-ANG cleavage reveals a retention of the duplex structure and little or no G-quadruplex formation.

NMR characterization of angiogenin variants and tRNAAla products impacting aberrant protein oligomerization

Fagagnini, Andrea;Fasoli, Sabrina;Gotte, Giovanni
;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Protein oligomerization is key to countless physiological processes, but also to abnormal amyloid conformations implicated in over 25 mortal human diseases. Human Angiogenin (h-ANG), a ribonuclease A family member, produces RNA fragments that regulate ribosome formation, the creation of new blood vessels and stress granule function. Too little h-ANG activity leads to abnormal protein oligomerization, resulting in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) or Parkinson's disease. While a score of disease linked h-ANG mutants has been studied by X-ray diffraction, some elude crystallization. There is also a debate regarding the structure that RNA fragments adopt after cleavage by h-ANG. Here, to better understand the beginning of the process that leads to aberrant protein oligomerization, the solution secondary structure and residue-level dynamics of WT h-ANG and two mutants i.e., H13A and R121C, are characterized by multidimensional heteronuclear NMR spectroscopy under near-physiological conditions. All three variants are found to adopt well folded and highly rigid structures in the solution, although the elements of secondary structure are somewhat shorter than those observed in crystallography studies. R121C alters the environment of nearby residues only. By contrast, the mutation H13A affects local residues as well as nearby active site residues K40 and H114. The conformation characterization by CD and 1D 1H NMR spectroscopies of tRNAAla before and after h-ANG cleavage reveals a retention of the duplex structure and little or no G-quadruplex formation.
2021
ALS
NMR spectroscopy
angiogenin (h-ANG)
protein oligomerization
stress granules
tRNA
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1035989
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