The purpose of this study is to present the chimeric scapula tip-free flap as a reconstructive choice in composite head and neck defects and to highlight the experiences of the authors in this field.A retrospective study and a literature review were conducted. Data about preoperative condition, intraoperative images, and radiological and clinical documentation were collected.Excision of head and neck advanced cancers may result in large composite defects containing different types of soft tissue and bone. This topic is particularly challenging in salvage surgery after radiation therapy. In this setting, reconstructive techniques are very complex and traditionally require the use of multiple microvascular flaps. Chimeric free flaps, based on the subscapular system, allow complex reconstructions, providing both soft tissue and bone on a single vascular peduncle.The regional anatomy of the subscapular system and the possible chimeric flaps that can be harvested will be discussed, together with the reconstructive surgical technique used and the positioning of the patient. Two representative clinical cases of complex head and neck reconstruction after radiotherapy are presented.Different types of chimeric flap can be harvested from the subscapular system. These flaps can include different tissues: skin, bone, muscle on a single vascular peduncle. This characteristic is particularly useful in complex defects with different tissue types involved, following large en-bloc excision of advanced head and neck tumors.Free flaps based on the subscapular system can be an excellent reconstructive choice in complex head and neck defects.

Reconstruction of Complex Oromandibular Defects in Head and Neck Cancer: Role of the Chimeric Subscapular Free Flap

Molteni G
;
Gazzini L;Plotegher C;Lanaro L;Fior A;Marchioni D;Nocini PF
2020

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to present the chimeric scapula tip-free flap as a reconstructive choice in composite head and neck defects and to highlight the experiences of the authors in this field.A retrospective study and a literature review were conducted. Data about preoperative condition, intraoperative images, and radiological and clinical documentation were collected.Excision of head and neck advanced cancers may result in large composite defects containing different types of soft tissue and bone. This topic is particularly challenging in salvage surgery after radiation therapy. In this setting, reconstructive techniques are very complex and traditionally require the use of multiple microvascular flaps. Chimeric free flaps, based on the subscapular system, allow complex reconstructions, providing both soft tissue and bone on a single vascular peduncle.The regional anatomy of the subscapular system and the possible chimeric flaps that can be harvested will be discussed, together with the reconstructive surgical technique used and the positioning of the patient. Two representative clinical cases of complex head and neck reconstruction after radiotherapy are presented.Different types of chimeric flap can be harvested from the subscapular system. These flaps can include different tissues: skin, bone, muscle on a single vascular peduncle. This characteristic is particularly useful in complex defects with different tissue types involved, following large en-bloc excision of advanced head and neck tumors.Free flaps based on the subscapular system can be an excellent reconstructive choice in complex head and neck defects.
Chimeric microvascular flap, head and neck salvage surgery, reconstructive surgery, scapula free flap
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1035827
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