Background and objective: To assess the dosimetric feasibility of a stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) dose escalated protocol, with a simultaneous integrated boost (SIB) and a simultaneous integrated protection (SIP) approach, in patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC). Material and methods: Twenty LAPC lesions, previously treated with SBRT at our Institution, were re-planned. The original prescribed and administered dose was 50/30/25 Gy in five fractions to PTVsib (tumor-vessel interface [TVI])/PTVt (tumor volume)/PTVsip (overlap area between PTVt and planning organs at risk volume [PRVoars]), respectively. At re-planning, the prescribed dose was escalated up to 60/40/33 Gy in five fractions to PTVsib/PTVt/PTVsip, respectively. All plans were performed using an inspiration breath hold (IBH) technique and generated with volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT). Well-established and accepted OAR dose constraints were used (D0.5cc < 33 Gy for luminal OARs and D0.5cc < 38 Gy for corresponding PRVoars). The primary end-point was to achieve a median dose equal to the prescription dose for the PTVsib with D98≥ 95% (95% of prescription dose is the minimum dose), and a coverage for PTVt and PTVsip of D95≥95%, with minor deviations in OAR dose constraints in < 10% of the plans. Results: PTVsib median (± SD) dose/D95/conformity index (CI) were 60.54 (± 0.85) Gy/58.96 (± 0.86) Gy/0.99 (± 0.01), respectively; whilst PTVt median (± SD) dose/D95 were 44.51 (± 2.69) Gy/38.44 (± 0.82) Gy, and PTVsip median (± SD) dose/D95 were 35.18 (± 1.42) Gy/33.01 (± 0.84) Gy, respectively. With regard to OARs, median (± SD) maximum dose (D0.5cc) to duodenum/stomach/bowel was 29.31 (± 5.72) Gy/25.29 (± 6.90) Gy/27.03 (± 5.67) Gy, respectively. A minor acceptable deviation was found for a single plan (bowel and duodenum D0.5cc=34.8 Gy). V38 < 0.5 cc was achieved for all PRV luminal OARs. Conclusions: In LAPC patients SBRT, with a SIB/SIP dose escalation approach up to 60/40/33 Gy in five fractions to PTVsib/PTVt/PTVsip, respectively, is dosimetrically feasible with adequate PTVs coverage and respect for OAR dose constraints.

Dosimetric Feasibility Study of Dose Escalated Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy (SBRT) in Locally Advanced Pancreatic Cancer (LAPC) Patients: It Is Time to Raise the Bar

Mazzarotto, Renzo;Guariglia, Stefania;De Robertis, Riccardo;Pierelli, Alessio;Zivelonghi, Emanuele;Malleo, Giuseppe;Paiella, Salvatore;Salvia, Roberto;Cavedon, Carlo;Milella, Michele;Bassi, Claudio
2020-01-01

Abstract

Background and objective: To assess the dosimetric feasibility of a stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) dose escalated protocol, with a simultaneous integrated boost (SIB) and a simultaneous integrated protection (SIP) approach, in patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC). Material and methods: Twenty LAPC lesions, previously treated with SBRT at our Institution, were re-planned. The original prescribed and administered dose was 50/30/25 Gy in five fractions to PTVsib (tumor-vessel interface [TVI])/PTVt (tumor volume)/PTVsip (overlap area between PTVt and planning organs at risk volume [PRVoars]), respectively. At re-planning, the prescribed dose was escalated up to 60/40/33 Gy in five fractions to PTVsib/PTVt/PTVsip, respectively. All plans were performed using an inspiration breath hold (IBH) technique and generated with volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT). Well-established and accepted OAR dose constraints were used (D0.5cc < 33 Gy for luminal OARs and D0.5cc < 38 Gy for corresponding PRVoars). The primary end-point was to achieve a median dose equal to the prescription dose for the PTVsib with D98≥ 95% (95% of prescription dose is the minimum dose), and a coverage for PTVt and PTVsip of D95≥95%, with minor deviations in OAR dose constraints in < 10% of the plans. Results: PTVsib median (± SD) dose/D95/conformity index (CI) were 60.54 (± 0.85) Gy/58.96 (± 0.86) Gy/0.99 (± 0.01), respectively; whilst PTVt median (± SD) dose/D95 were 44.51 (± 2.69) Gy/38.44 (± 0.82) Gy, and PTVsip median (± SD) dose/D95 were 35.18 (± 1.42) Gy/33.01 (± 0.84) Gy, respectively. With regard to OARs, median (± SD) maximum dose (D0.5cc) to duodenum/stomach/bowel was 29.31 (± 5.72) Gy/25.29 (± 6.90) Gy/27.03 (± 5.67) Gy, respectively. A minor acceptable deviation was found for a single plan (bowel and duodenum D0.5cc=34.8 Gy). V38 < 0.5 cc was achieved for all PRV luminal OARs. Conclusions: In LAPC patients SBRT, with a SIB/SIP dose escalation approach up to 60/40/33 Gy in five fractions to PTVsib/PTVt/PTVsip, respectively, is dosimetrically feasible with adequate PTVs coverage and respect for OAR dose constraints.
2020
ablative dose; dose escalation; locally advanced; pancreatic cancer; stereotactic body radiotherapy
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1033751
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