Context: Over the last decade, several nephrometry scores (NSs) have been introduced with the aim of facilitating preoperative decision making, planning, and counseling in the field of nephron-sparing surgery. However, their predictive role remains controversial.Objective: To describe currently available nephrometry scores and to determine their predictive role for different outcomes by performing a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature.Evidence acquisition: PubMed, Embase (R), and Web of Science were screened to identify eligible studies. Identification and selection of the reports were conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA). A pooled analysis of NS predictive role of intraoperative, postoperative, oncological, and functional outcomes was performed. Odds ratio was considered the effect size. All the analyses were performed using Stata 15.0, and statistical significance was set at p <= 0.05.Evidence synthesis: Overall, 51 studies meeting our inclusion criteria were identified and considered for the analysis. Except for one prospective randomized trial, all the studies were retrospective. All the studies were found to be of intermediate quality, except for one of high quality. Most studies assessed the predictive role of the Radius-Exophytic/Endophytic-Nearness-Anterior/Posterior-Location (RENAL) and Preoperative Aspects and Dimensions Used for an Anatomical (PADUA) scores, mostly regarding complications after nephron-sparing surgery. RENAL was an independent predictor of an on-clamp procedure (p < 0.001). Mayo Adhesive Probability score was related to adhesive perinephric fat (p = 0.005). Continuous and high-complexity RENAL scores were predictors of warm ischemia time (WIT; p = 0.006 and p < 0.001, respectively). Continuous (p < 0.001) and high-complexity (p < 0.001) PADUA scores were related to WIT. Continuous and high-complexity RENAL scores were predictors of overall complications (p = 0.002 and p < 0.001, respectively). PADUA score was related to complications both as continuous (p < 0.001) and as a categorical value (p < 0.002). The RENAL scores R = 3 (p = 0.008), E = 2 (p = 0.039), and hilar location (p = 0.006) were predictors of histological malignancy. Continuous and categorical RENAL scores were independent predictors of an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) increase (p = 0.006 and p < 0.001, respectively). The Diameter-Axial-Polar score (p = 0.018) and Peritumoral Artery Scoring System (PASS; p = 0.02) were also independent predictors.Conclusions: The literature regarding nephrometry scoring systems is sparse, and mostly focused on RENAL and PADUA, which are easy to calculate and have a good correlation with most outcomes. Renal Pelvic Score is the best predictor of pelvicalyceal entry/repair and urine leak, whereas Surgical Approach Renal Ranking and PASS strongly predict surgical approach and renal function variation, respectively. Other nephrometry scores based on mathematical models are limited by their complexity, and they lack evidence supporting their predictive value.Patient summary: We reviewed the medical literature regarding the use and value of so-called "nephrometry scores," which are scoring systems based on radiological imaging and made to grade the complexity of a renal tumor. We analyzed whether these scoring systems can predict some of the outcomes of patients undergoing surgical removal of renal tumors. (c) 2019 European Association of Urology. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
|Titolo:||Predictive Value of Nephrometry Scores in Nephron-sparing Surgery: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|