Objective: To compare the oncologic outcomes of nephron-sparing surgery versus radical nephrectomy in intracapsular renal cell carcinoma (RCC) up to 7 cm by reviewing surgical experience retrospectively.Methods: Data from 1290 consecutive patients who had surgery for RCC have been stored in a dedicated database since 1983. We selected and reviewed those related to disease-free patients who had been treated for unilateral pT1a/pT1b pNO/Nx MO carcinomas up to 7 cm and later followed for a minimum of 12 mo.Results: A total of 642 patients with mean follow-up of 72.9 mo were selected; 313 had been treated for tumours <4 cm in diameter (176 nephron-sparing surgery, 137 nephrectomy), whereas 329 had been treated for tumours measuring >= 4 cm (52 nephron-sparing surgery, 277 nephrectomy). The comparison between tumours <4 cm or >= 4 cm in diameter showed worse progression and disease-free survival rates for the latter, but the type of surgery (nephron-sparing or radical) seemed to have no significant impact.Conclusions: Conservative management can be cautiously suggested for RCC up to 7 cm because the worsening of prognosis as diameter increases shows no statistical differences for either nephron-sparing or radical surgery. The agreement of our results with those of similar studies available in the literature may suggest designing a prospective study to compare conservative and more radical surgery in the management of RCC up to 7 cm. (C) 2007 European Association of Urology. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Nephron-Sparing Surgery versus Radical Nephrectomy in the Treatment of Intracapsular Renal Cell Carcinoma up to 7 cm

Antonelli, A.;
2008-01-01

Abstract

Objective: To compare the oncologic outcomes of nephron-sparing surgery versus radical nephrectomy in intracapsular renal cell carcinoma (RCC) up to 7 cm by reviewing surgical experience retrospectively.Methods: Data from 1290 consecutive patients who had surgery for RCC have been stored in a dedicated database since 1983. We selected and reviewed those related to disease-free patients who had been treated for unilateral pT1a/pT1b pNO/Nx MO carcinomas up to 7 cm and later followed for a minimum of 12 mo.Results: A total of 642 patients with mean follow-up of 72.9 mo were selected; 313 had been treated for tumours <4 cm in diameter (176 nephron-sparing surgery, 137 nephrectomy), whereas 329 had been treated for tumours measuring >= 4 cm (52 nephron-sparing surgery, 277 nephrectomy). The comparison between tumours <4 cm or >= 4 cm in diameter showed worse progression and disease-free survival rates for the latter, but the type of surgery (nephron-sparing or radical) seemed to have no significant impact.Conclusions: Conservative management can be cautiously suggested for RCC up to 7 cm because the worsening of prognosis as diameter increases shows no statistical differences for either nephron-sparing or radical surgery. The agreement of our results with those of similar studies available in the literature may suggest designing a prospective study to compare conservative and more radical surgery in the management of RCC up to 7 cm. (C) 2007 European Association of Urology. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
nephrectomy
nephron-sparing surgery
renal cell carcinoma
tumour diameter
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1032258
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