Background: Invasive mucormycosis is a very aggressive fungal disease among immunocompromised pediatric patients caused by saprophytic fungi that belong to the order of the Mucorales.Case Report: We describe a case of of Lichtheimia corymbifera infection in a 15-year-old child with B-cell-Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (B-NHL) involving lung, kidney and thyroid that initially was diagnosed as probable aspergillosis delaying the effective therapy for mucormycosis.Conclusions: This case showed that also the intensive chemotherapy for B-NHL may represent a risk factor for mucormycosis infection. Liposomal amphotericin B and surgery remain the key tools for the successful treatment of this aggressive disease.

The Diagnostic Pitfalls of Mucormycosis

Mauro, Margherita
;
Lo Cascio, Giuliana;Balter, Rita;Zaccaron, Ada;Bonetti, Elisa;Brazzarola, Paolo;Bruno, Costanza;Cesaro, Simone
2020

Abstract

Background: Invasive mucormycosis is a very aggressive fungal disease among immunocompromised pediatric patients caused by saprophytic fungi that belong to the order of the Mucorales.Case Report: We describe a case of of Lichtheimia corymbifera infection in a 15-year-old child with B-cell-Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (B-NHL) involving lung, kidney and thyroid that initially was diagnosed as probable aspergillosis delaying the effective therapy for mucormycosis.Conclusions: This case showed that also the intensive chemotherapy for B-NHL may represent a risk factor for mucormycosis infection. Liposomal amphotericin B and surgery remain the key tools for the successful treatment of this aggressive disease.
Fungal infection; Mucormycosis; Pediatric non Hodgkin lymphoma
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1030168
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