An ever-increasing number of patients with chronic indeterminate Chagas disease are diagnosed with early vascular and cardiac abnormalities, as cardiovascular imaging becomes more sensitive. However, the currently available information on aortic stiffness (a prognostic marker for adverse cardiovascular outcomes) in these patients is scarce. In this study, we consecutively recruited 21 asymptomatic Bolivian adult patients with chronic indeterminate Chagas disease and 14 Bolivian adults, who were seronegative for Trypanosoma cruzi infection. No participants had a prior history of heart disease, hypertension, diabetes, chronic kidney disease or atrial fibrillation. Carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cf-PWV), carotid-radial PWV (cr-PWV), carotid intima-media thickness and conventional echocardiographic measurements were recorded in all participants. Patients with chronic indeterminate Chagas disease had significantly higher cf-PWV (7.9±1.3 vs. 6.4±1.1 m/s, p = 0.003) and greater HOMA-estimated insulin resistance than subjects without Chagas disease. The two groups did not significantly differ in terms of age, sex, smoking, adiposity measures, blood pressure, plasma lipids, fasting glucose levels as well as cr-PWV, carotid intima-media thickness measurements, left ventricular mass and function. Presence of chronic indeterminate Chagas disease was significantly associated with increasing cf-PWV values (β coefficient: 1.31, 95% coefficient interval 0.44 to 2.18, p = 0.005), even after adjustment for age, sex, heart rate, systolic blood pressure and insulin resistance. In conclusion, asymptomatic Bolivian adult patients with chronic indeterminate Chagas disease have an early and marked increase in aortic stiffness, as measured by cf-PWV, when compared to Bolivian adults who were seronegative for Trypanosoma cruzi infection.

Increased aortic stiffness in adults with chronic indeterminate Chagas disease

Valbusa, Filippo;Angheben, Andrea;Mantovani, Alessandro;Chiampan, Andrea;Bonapace, Stefano;Fava, Cristiano;Bisoffi, Zeno;Targher, Giovanni
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
2019

Abstract

An ever-increasing number of patients with chronic indeterminate Chagas disease are diagnosed with early vascular and cardiac abnormalities, as cardiovascular imaging becomes more sensitive. However, the currently available information on aortic stiffness (a prognostic marker for adverse cardiovascular outcomes) in these patients is scarce. In this study, we consecutively recruited 21 asymptomatic Bolivian adult patients with chronic indeterminate Chagas disease and 14 Bolivian adults, who were seronegative for Trypanosoma cruzi infection. No participants had a prior history of heart disease, hypertension, diabetes, chronic kidney disease or atrial fibrillation. Carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cf-PWV), carotid-radial PWV (cr-PWV), carotid intima-media thickness and conventional echocardiographic measurements were recorded in all participants. Patients with chronic indeterminate Chagas disease had significantly higher cf-PWV (7.9±1.3 vs. 6.4±1.1 m/s, p = 0.003) and greater HOMA-estimated insulin resistance than subjects without Chagas disease. The two groups did not significantly differ in terms of age, sex, smoking, adiposity measures, blood pressure, plasma lipids, fasting glucose levels as well as cr-PWV, carotid intima-media thickness measurements, left ventricular mass and function. Presence of chronic indeterminate Chagas disease was significantly associated with increasing cf-PWV values (β coefficient: 1.31, 95% coefficient interval 0.44 to 2.18, p = 0.005), even after adjustment for age, sex, heart rate, systolic blood pressure and insulin resistance. In conclusion, asymptomatic Bolivian adult patients with chronic indeterminate Chagas disease have an early and marked increase in aortic stiffness, as measured by cf-PWV, when compared to Bolivian adults who were seronegative for Trypanosoma cruzi infection.
Chagas disease; aortic stiffness; cardiovascular risk factors
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/999241
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