we describe the case of an otherwise healthy 3-year old girl who suffered from anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis dominated by a peculiar gait disorder. At onset, she presented with unsteadiness during walking, which was rapidly followed by prolonged epileptic convulsive seizures, treated with intravenous midazolam and valproic acid. On admission, facial dyskinesias and choreo-athetoid movements of the limbs were observed. These hyperkinesias were later seen during periods of unresponsiveness resembling sleep. The epileptic nature of these episodes was ruled out by means of video-EEG recordings, that documented a concomitant EEG pattern intermediate between sleep and wakefulness suggestive of a “Status Dissociatus”. A short-stepped gait, characterized by festination and freezing of gait (FOG), was also noticed.

Pediatric freezing of gait caused by anti-NMDAR encephalitis

Cantalupo, Gaetano;
2019-01-01

Abstract

we describe the case of an otherwise healthy 3-year old girl who suffered from anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis dominated by a peculiar gait disorder. At onset, she presented with unsteadiness during walking, which was rapidly followed by prolonged epileptic convulsive seizures, treated with intravenous midazolam and valproic acid. On admission, facial dyskinesias and choreo-athetoid movements of the limbs were observed. These hyperkinesias were later seen during periods of unresponsiveness resembling sleep. The epileptic nature of these episodes was ruled out by means of video-EEG recordings, that documented a concomitant EEG pattern intermediate between sleep and wakefulness suggestive of a “Status Dissociatus”. A short-stepped gait, characterized by festination and freezing of gait (FOG), was also noticed.
anti-NMDAR enecephalitis, freezing of gait, status dissociatus
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/999127
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 2
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 2
social impact