Introduction: Women undergoing radical cystectomy (RC) followed by urinary diversion (UD) for bladder cancer experience a substantial reduction in health-related quality of life (HRQOL). At present, studies comparing long-term QOL outcomes for different UD methods, needed to inform evidence-based choices of bladder reconstruction for female patients, are sparse. Our objective was to compare two common UD methods in terms of their HRQOL outcomes in women. Materials and methods: We retrospectively analysed HRQOL in 73 consecutive female bladder cancer patients having undergone orthotopic ileal neobladder (IONB, N = 24) or ileal conduit (IC, N = 49) following RC between 2007 and 2013 in six Italian academic urological centres. Patients had no evidence of tumour recurrence and were actively followed up. Validated Italian versions of the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) generic (QLQ-C30) and bladder-cancer-specific (QLQ-BLM30) questionnaires were used to evaluate HRQOL. Results: Patients in the IONB group were significantly younger than those in the IC group (median age: 67 and 73 years, respectively, p = 0.02). Barring that, the two groups did not present statistically significant differences in median length of follow-up (43 vs 54 months), pathological stage, grading of the neoplasm, or adjuvant chemo - or radiotherapy. No significant differences in QOL were found between the groups, with the exception of financial difficulties, affecting IONB patients significantly more than IC patients (mean score on a scale of 0–100: 33.3 ± 29.5 vs 18.4 ± 19.3, respectively; p = 0.05). Conclusion: Financial difficulties was the only HRQOL item to differ between the two UD groups.

Quality of life following urinary diversion: Orthotopic ileal neobladder versus ileal conduit. A multicentre study among long-term, female bladder cancer survivors

Siracusano, Salvatore
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
D'Elia, Carolina
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Cerruto, Maria Angela
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Porcaro, Antonio
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
De Marco, Vincenzo
Validation
;
Toffoli, Laura
Data Curation
;
Visalli, Francesco
Data Curation
;
Niero, Mauro
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Lonardi, Cristina
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Cacciamani, Giovanni
Data Curation
;
De Marchi, Davide
Data Curation
;
Artibani, Walter
Supervision
2019-01-01

Abstract

Introduction: Women undergoing radical cystectomy (RC) followed by urinary diversion (UD) for bladder cancer experience a substantial reduction in health-related quality of life (HRQOL). At present, studies comparing long-term QOL outcomes for different UD methods, needed to inform evidence-based choices of bladder reconstruction for female patients, are sparse. Our objective was to compare two common UD methods in terms of their HRQOL outcomes in women. Materials and methods: We retrospectively analysed HRQOL in 73 consecutive female bladder cancer patients having undergone orthotopic ileal neobladder (IONB, N = 24) or ileal conduit (IC, N = 49) following RC between 2007 and 2013 in six Italian academic urological centres. Patients had no evidence of tumour recurrence and were actively followed up. Validated Italian versions of the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) generic (QLQ-C30) and bladder-cancer-specific (QLQ-BLM30) questionnaires were used to evaluate HRQOL. Results: Patients in the IONB group were significantly younger than those in the IC group (median age: 67 and 73 years, respectively, p = 0.02). Barring that, the two groups did not present statistically significant differences in median length of follow-up (43 vs 54 months), pathological stage, grading of the neoplasm, or adjuvant chemo - or radiotherapy. No significant differences in QOL were found between the groups, with the exception of financial difficulties, affecting IONB patients significantly more than IC patients (mean score on a scale of 0–100: 33.3 ± 29.5 vs 18.4 ± 19.3, respectively; p = 0.05). Conclusion: Financial difficulties was the only HRQOL item to differ between the two UD groups.
Bladder cancer; Ileal conduit; Orthotopic neobladder; Quality of life; Radical cystectomy; Women;
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/997923
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