Objective: To determinate benefits of the combination of local anesthetic wounds infiltration and ultrasound transversus abdominal plane (US-TAP) block with ropivacaine on postoperative pain, early recovery, and hospital stay in patients undergoing robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP). Methods: The study is double-blinded randomized controlled trial. Our hypothesis was that the combination of wound infiltration and US-TAP block with ropivacaine would decrease immediate postoperative pain and opioids use. Primary outcomes included postoperative pain and opioids demand during the hospital stay. Secondary outcomes were nausea/vomiting rate, stool passing time, use of prokinetics, length of hospital stay (LOS), and 30-days readmission to the hospital for pain or other US-TAP block-related complications. Results: A total of 100 patients who underwent RARP were eligible for the analysis; 57 received the US-TAP block with 20 mL of 0.35% ropivacaine (US-TAP block group) and 43 did not receive US-TAP block (no-US-TAP group). All the patients received the local wound anesthetic infiltration with 20 mL of 0.35% ropivacaine. US-TAP block group showed a decreased mean Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) within 12 hours after surgery (1.6 vs 2.6; p = 0.02) and mean NRS (1.8 vs 2.7; p = 0.04) with lesser number of patients who used opioid (3.5% vs 18.6%; p = 0.01) during the first 24 hours. Moreover, we found a shorter mean LOS (4.27 vs 4.72, days; p = 0.04) with a lower requirement of prokinetics administration during the hospital stay (21% vs 72%; p < 0.001). No US-TAP block-related complications were reported. Conclusion: Combination of anesthetic wound infiltration and US-TAP block with ropivacaine as part of a multimodal analgesic regimen can be safely offered to patients undergoing RARP and extended pelvic lymph node dissection. It improves the immediate postoperative pain control, reducing opioids administration and is associated to a decreased use of prokinetics and shorter hospital stay.

Impact of Combination of Local Anesthetic Wounds Infiltration and Ultrasound Transversus Abdominal Plane Block in Patients Undergoing Robot-Assisted Radical Prostatectomy: Perioperative Results of a Double-Blind Randomized Controlled Trial

Menestrina, Nicola
Conceptualization
;
Pirozzi, Marco
Data Curation
;
Tafuri, Alessandro
Data Curation
;
Corsi, Paolo
Data Curation
;
De Marchi, Davide
Data Curation
;
Inverardi, Davide
Data Curation
;
Processali, Tania
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Trabacchin, Nicolo'
Data Curation
;
De Michele, Mario
Data Curation
;
Sebben, Marco
Data Curation
;
Cerruto, Maria Angela
Methodology
;
De Marco, Vincenzo
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Migliorini, Filippo
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Porcaro, Antonio Benito
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Artibani, Walter
Project Administration
2019-01-01

Abstract

Objective: To determinate benefits of the combination of local anesthetic wounds infiltration and ultrasound transversus abdominal plane (US-TAP) block with ropivacaine on postoperative pain, early recovery, and hospital stay in patients undergoing robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP). Methods: The study is double-blinded randomized controlled trial. Our hypothesis was that the combination of wound infiltration and US-TAP block with ropivacaine would decrease immediate postoperative pain and opioids use. Primary outcomes included postoperative pain and opioids demand during the hospital stay. Secondary outcomes were nausea/vomiting rate, stool passing time, use of prokinetics, length of hospital stay (LOS), and 30-days readmission to the hospital for pain or other US-TAP block-related complications. Results: A total of 100 patients who underwent RARP were eligible for the analysis; 57 received the US-TAP block with 20 mL of 0.35% ropivacaine (US-TAP block group) and 43 did not receive US-TAP block (no-US-TAP group). All the patients received the local wound anesthetic infiltration with 20 mL of 0.35% ropivacaine. US-TAP block group showed a decreased mean Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) within 12 hours after surgery (1.6 vs 2.6; p = 0.02) and mean NRS (1.8 vs 2.7; p = 0.04) with lesser number of patients who used opioid (3.5% vs 18.6%; p = 0.01) during the first 24 hours. Moreover, we found a shorter mean LOS (4.27 vs 4.72, days; p = 0.04) with a lower requirement of prokinetics administration during the hospital stay (21% vs 72%; p < 0.001). No US-TAP block-related complications were reported. Conclusion: Combination of anesthetic wound infiltration and US-TAP block with ropivacaine as part of a multimodal analgesic regimen can be safely offered to patients undergoing RARP and extended pelvic lymph node dissection. It improves the immediate postoperative pain control, reducing opioids administration and is associated to a decreased use of prokinetics and shorter hospital stay.
RARP; RTC; TAP block; pain control; pain management after robotic surgery; postoperative pain; robot-assisted radical prostatectomy; transversus abdominis plane block
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/997921
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