Patients with unresectable recurrent rectal cancer that progresses after systemic chemotherapy and radiotherapy are candidates for palliation with hypoxic pelvic perfusion (HPP). The aim of this observational retrospective study was to evaluate if a multimodality treatment including HPP and targeted-therapy may be useful to prolong clinical responses and survival of these patients. From a cohort of 77 patients with unresectable recurrent rectal cancer in progression after standard treatments and submitted to HPP, 21 patients underwent repeat HPP using mitomycin C (MMC) at the dose of 25 mg/m2. After the last HPP, 7 patients received a targeted-therapy with cetuximab according to overexpression of epidermal growth factor receptor in recurrence cancer cells. The median overall survival of these 21 patients from the diagnosis of unresectable recurrent rectal cancer was 23 months (iqr 18-24). After the first HPP, the median survival of the 21 patients until death or end of follow-up was 10 months (iqr 9-13). The 1-year and 2-year survival rates were 71.4%, and 4.8%, respectively. From the first HPP, age > 60 years, a recurrence shrinkage of at least 30% (partial response), and the addition of a post-HPP targeted-therapy with cetuximab significantly affected survival (P < 0.04). In conclusion, repeated MMC-HPP followed by targeted-therapy seems to be an effective palliative treatment for patients with unresectable recurrent rectal cancer in progression after systemic chemotherapy and radiation but the results of this study have to be confirmed by a larger phase III trial.

Palliation with a multimodality treatment including hypoxic pelvic perfusion for unresectable recurrent rectal cancer: outcomes based on a retrospective study

Bencivenga, Maria;
2018

Abstract

Patients with unresectable recurrent rectal cancer that progresses after systemic chemotherapy and radiotherapy are candidates for palliation with hypoxic pelvic perfusion (HPP). The aim of this observational retrospective study was to evaluate if a multimodality treatment including HPP and targeted-therapy may be useful to prolong clinical responses and survival of these patients. From a cohort of 77 patients with unresectable recurrent rectal cancer in progression after standard treatments and submitted to HPP, 21 patients underwent repeat HPP using mitomycin C (MMC) at the dose of 25 mg/m2. After the last HPP, 7 patients received a targeted-therapy with cetuximab according to overexpression of epidermal growth factor receptor in recurrence cancer cells. The median overall survival of these 21 patients from the diagnosis of unresectable recurrent rectal cancer was 23 months (iqr 18-24). After the first HPP, the median survival of the 21 patients until death or end of follow-up was 10 months (iqr 9-13). The 1-year and 2-year survival rates were 71.4%, and 4.8%, respectively. From the first HPP, age > 60 years, a recurrence shrinkage of at least 30% (partial response), and the addition of a post-HPP targeted-therapy with cetuximab significantly affected survival (P < 0.04). In conclusion, repeated MMC-HPP followed by targeted-therapy seems to be an effective palliative treatment for patients with unresectable recurrent rectal cancer in progression after systemic chemotherapy and radiation but the results of this study have to be confirmed by a larger phase III trial.
Cetuximab; Hypoxic pelvic perfusion; Mitomycin C; Unresectable recurrent rectal cancer; Aged; Antibiotics, Antineoplastic; Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological; Cetuximab; Combined Modality Therapy; Disease Progression; Female; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Mitomycin; Neoplasm Recurrence, Local; Palliative Care; Pelvic Pain; Pelvis; Rectal Neoplasms; Retrospective Studies; Survival Rate; Chemotherapy, Cancer, Regional Perfusion
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
guadagni pdf.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Altro materiale allegato
Licenza: Accesso ristretto
Dimensione 778.92 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
778.92 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/997775
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 2
  • Scopus 5
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 3
social impact