BACKGROUND: Although optimization of immunosuppressive schemes in renal transplantation have minimized acute posttransplant complications, long-term outcomes are still not optimal and most of the chronic graft damage is drug-related. Therefore, to define the best long-term maintenance immunosuppressive regimen is of major importance in renal transplantation. To assess this objective, we undertook a large, multicenter cohort study in Italy. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data of 5635 patients (enrolled from 1983 to 2012) and we assessed the impact of 3 major immunosuppressive regimens (calcineurin inhibitors+antimetabolites+corticosteroids [CNI+ANT+CS] vs CNI+mammalian target-of-rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitors+CS [CNI+mTOR-I+CS] vs CNI+CS) on long-term clinical outcomes by employing several statistical algorithms. RESULTS: The overall difference in the incidence of outcome over time was not statistically different within the first 5 years of follow-up (P = .13); however, it became significant at 10 years and 20 years (P < .01), with the CNI+CS group showing the lowest cumulative incidence of outcome. Compared with the CNI+ANT+CS group, the CNI+mTOR-I+CS group patients had a significantly higher risk of outcome (hazard ratio [HR], 1.30; P = .024); the difference remained significant and even increased in magnitude after adjustment for potential confounders (HR, 1.38; P = .006). Similarly, patients in the CNI+CS group had a significantly higher risk of the outcome (HR, 1.64; P < .001). CONCLUSION: Our data confirm that CNI+ANT+CS is the "gold standard" therapy in renal transplantation, but, whenever required, the introduction of mTOR-Is instead of ANT may not dramatically modify major clinical outcomes. The use of mTOR-I could be a valuable pharmacologic tool to minimize CNI complications and insure adequate immunosuppression.

Impact of 3 Major Maintenance Immunosuppressive Protocols on Long-term Clinical Outcomes: Result of a Large Multicenter Italian Cohort Study Including 5635 Renal Transplant Recipients.

Caletti C;Corvo A;Tessari G;Girolomoni G;Boschiero L;Lupo A;Zaza G.
2019

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Although optimization of immunosuppressive schemes in renal transplantation have minimized acute posttransplant complications, long-term outcomes are still not optimal and most of the chronic graft damage is drug-related. Therefore, to define the best long-term maintenance immunosuppressive regimen is of major importance in renal transplantation. To assess this objective, we undertook a large, multicenter cohort study in Italy. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data of 5635 patients (enrolled from 1983 to 2012) and we assessed the impact of 3 major immunosuppressive regimens (calcineurin inhibitors+antimetabolites+corticosteroids [CNI+ANT+CS] vs CNI+mammalian target-of-rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitors+CS [CNI+mTOR-I+CS] vs CNI+CS) on long-term clinical outcomes by employing several statistical algorithms. RESULTS: The overall difference in the incidence of outcome over time was not statistically different within the first 5 years of follow-up (P = .13); however, it became significant at 10 years and 20 years (P < .01), with the CNI+CS group showing the lowest cumulative incidence of outcome. Compared with the CNI+ANT+CS group, the CNI+mTOR-I+CS group patients had a significantly higher risk of outcome (hazard ratio [HR], 1.30; P = .024); the difference remained significant and even increased in magnitude after adjustment for potential confounders (HR, 1.38; P = .006). Similarly, patients in the CNI+CS group had a significantly higher risk of the outcome (HR, 1.64; P < .001). CONCLUSION: Our data confirm that CNI+ANT+CS is the "gold standard" therapy in renal transplantation, but, whenever required, the introduction of mTOR-Is instead of ANT may not dramatically modify major clinical outcomes. The use of mTOR-I could be a valuable pharmacologic tool to minimize CNI complications and insure adequate immunosuppression.
renal transplantation; maintenance immunosuppressive protocols; calcineurin inhibitors; mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitors
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/997680
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