Despite some studies revealed that kefir acts on different cancers, such as colorectal cancer, the proteomic changes that occur in the colon cancer cells remain to be explored. In this study, the proteomic analysis was combined with determination of kefir characteristics (e.g., adhesion capacity, gastrointestinal and antibiotic resistances), in order to confirm its use as a probiotic. Therefore, a label-free strategy based on SWATH-MS was applied to investigate the proteomic profile of HT-29 cells after exposure for 24 h to a specific strain of Lactobacillus kefiri named SGL 13. We identified a total of 60 differentially expressed proteins in HT-29 cells, among which most are located into the extracellular exosome, playing important/crucial roles in translation and cell adhesion, as indicated by the enrichment analysis. The eIF2 and retinoid X receptor activation pathways appeared to be correlated with the anti-tumoral effect of SGL 13. Immunoblot analysis showed an increase in Bax and a decrease in caspase 3 and mutant p53, and ELISA assay revealed inhibition of IL-8 secretion from HT-29 cells stimulated with LPS upon SGL 13 treatment, suggesting pro-apoptotic and anti-inflammatory properties of kefir. In conclusion, the results of this study, the first of its kind using co-culture of kefir and colon cancer cells, demonstrate that L. kefiri SGL 13 possesses probiotic potency and contribute to elucidate the molecular mechanisms involved in the L. kefiri-colon cancer cell interactions.

Investigating the Proteomic Profile of HT-29 Colon Cancer Cells After Lactobacillus kefiri SGL 13 Exposure Using the SWATH Method

Brandi, Jessica;Di Carlo, Claudia;BAZAJ, ALDA;Cornaglia, Giuseppe;Cecconi, Daniela
2019

Abstract

Despite some studies revealed that kefir acts on different cancers, such as colorectal cancer, the proteomic changes that occur in the colon cancer cells remain to be explored. In this study, the proteomic analysis was combined with determination of kefir characteristics (e.g., adhesion capacity, gastrointestinal and antibiotic resistances), in order to confirm its use as a probiotic. Therefore, a label-free strategy based on SWATH-MS was applied to investigate the proteomic profile of HT-29 cells after exposure for 24 h to a specific strain of Lactobacillus kefiri named SGL 13. We identified a total of 60 differentially expressed proteins in HT-29 cells, among which most are located into the extracellular exosome, playing important/crucial roles in translation and cell adhesion, as indicated by the enrichment analysis. The eIF2 and retinoid X receptor activation pathways appeared to be correlated with the anti-tumoral effect of SGL 13. Immunoblot analysis showed an increase in Bax and a decrease in caspase 3 and mutant p53, and ELISA assay revealed inhibition of IL-8 secretion from HT-29 cells stimulated with LPS upon SGL 13 treatment, suggesting pro-apoptotic and anti-inflammatory properties of kefir. In conclusion, the results of this study, the first of its kind using co-culture of kefir and colon cancer cells, demonstrate that L. kefiri SGL 13 possesses probiotic potency and contribute to elucidate the molecular mechanisms involved in the L. kefiri-colon cancer cell interactions.
Colon cancer; Label-free proteomics; Lactobacillus kefiri; SWATH-MS
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Brandi_et_al FINAL.pdf

non disponibili

Tipologia: Versione dell'editore
Licenza: Accesso ristretto
Dimensione 1.49 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.49 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/997462
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 6
  • Scopus 10
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 9
social impact