Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) has a five-year survival rate of <4% and desperately needs novel effective therapeutics. Integrin αvβ6 has been linked with poor prognosis in cancer but its potential as a target in PDAC remains unclear. We report that transcriptional expression analysis revealed high levels of β6 mRNA correlated strongly with significantly poorer survival (n=491 cases, p= 3.17x10-8 ). In two separate cohorts we showed that over 80% of PDAC expressed αvβ6 protein and that paired metastases retained αvβ6 expression. In vitro, integrin αvβ6 promoted PDAC cell growth, survival, migration and invasion. Treatment of both αvβ6-positive human PDAC xenografts and transgenic mice bearing αvβ6-positive PDAC with the αvβ6 blocking antibody 264RAD, combined with gemcitabine, significantly reduced tumour growth (p<0.0001) and increased survival (Log-rank test, p<0.05). Antibody therapy was associated with suppression of both tumour cell activity (suppression of pErk growth signals, increased apoptosis seen as activated Caspase 3) and suppression of the pro-tumourigenic microenvironment (suppression of TGFβ signalling, fewer αSMA-positive myofibroblasts, decreased blood vessel density). These data show that αvβ6 promotes PDAC growth through both tumour cell and tumour microenvironment mechanisms and represents a valuable target for PDAC therapy.
|Titolo:||The integrin αvβ6 drives pancreatic cancer through diverse mechanisms and represents an effective target for therapy|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|