Limited data on varicella zoster virus (VZV) vaccine responses are available in HIV-positive adults, especially among those with end-stage renal disease on dialysis or undergoing kidney transplantation (KT). Serological and T cell responses were analyzed using anti-VZV IgG titers, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and flow cytometric intracellular cytokine staining (ICS) in two HIV-positive kidney transplant candidates undergoing dialysis and receiving VZV immunization. The results were compared with two HIV-positive and two HIV-negative VZV-seropositive patients (two kidney transplant candidates and two kidney transplant recipients), and with one HIV-negative vaccinee. HIV-positive VZV-susceptible patients received two doses of VZV vaccine 12 weeks apart. No adverse events were reported. Serological data were indicative of immunological response in one patient and corresponded to T cell responses. The second patient showed only a transient increase in anti-VZV IgG titers, but reported positive CD4+ T cell responses that were maintained after KT. Positive T cell and serological responses were detected in both HIV-positive and HIV-negative controls. VZV vaccination appeared safe and effective in HIV-positive KT candidates. VZV-specific T cell immunity was detected among transplant candidates and after KT. The assessment of VZV-specific T cell immunity using flow cytometric ICS may be more reliable compared to serology in assessing responses to VZV vaccine in this group.
|Titolo:||Serological and T Cell Responses After Varicella Zoster Virus Vaccination in HIV-Positive Patients Undergoing Renal Dialysis|
RIGHI, Elda (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|