Background: Although the post-mortem increase of ammonium in biological fluids is well known, ammonium analysis in vitreous humour has never been used in recent times for the determination of the post-mortem interval. The present work represents a new application of capillary electrophoresis with indirect UV detection in the field of forensic analysis. Methods: The electrophoretic separation was carried out in a running buffer made of 5 mM imidazole, 5 mM 18-crown-6 ether and 6 mM D,L-alpha-hydroxybutyric acid (HIBA). To overcome the lack of optical absorption of ammonium, indirect UV detection was applied. The used wavelength was 214 nm. Results: The method showed good linearity in the concentration range from 0.16 to 5.0 mM. The limit of detection, 0.039 mmol/L, was established on the basis of the linearity curve. Precision and bias studies carried out on the pure ammonium solutions and in real biological samples, revealed VoRSUs well below 20%. A preliminary application to real cases where the death time was precisely known (14 bodies) was carried out plotting vitreous humour ammonium vs. post-mortem interval with a resulting good linear correlation until 100 h post-mortem. Conclusions: After validation in real cases, the present method can become a powerful tool to unravel one of the most challenging issues of forensic investigation: determination of the time of the most challenging issues of forensic investigation: determination of the time of death.
|Titolo:||A new method for the determination of ammonium in the vitreous humour based on capillary electrophoresis and its preliminary application in thanatochemistry|
TAGLIARO, Franco (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|