Fennel is a plant species of both agronomic and pharmaceutical interest that is characterized by a shortage of genetic and molecular data. Taking advantage of NGS technology, we sequenced and annotated the first fennel leaf transcriptome using material from four different lines and two different bioinformatic approaches: de novo and genome-guided transcriptome assembly. A reference transcriptome for assembly was produced by combining these two approaches. Among the 79,263 transcripts obtained, 47,775 were annotated using BLASTX analysis performed against the NR protein database subset with 11,853 transcripts representing putative full-length CDS. Bioinformatic analyses revealed 1,011 transcripts encoding transcription factors, mainly from the BHLH, MYB-related, C2H2, MYB, and ERF families, and 6,411 EST-SSR regions. Single-nucleotide variants of SNPs and indels were identified among the 8 samples at a frequency of 0.5 and 0.04 variants per Kb, respectively. Finally, the assembled transcripts were screened to identify genes related to the biosynthesis of t-anethole, a compound well-known for its nutraceutical and medical properties. For each of the 11 genes encoding structural enzymes in the t-anethole biosynthetic pathway, we identified at least one transcript showing a significant match. Overall, our work represents a treasure trove of information exploitable both for marker-assisted breeding and for in-depth studies on thousands of genes, including those involved in t-anethole biosynthesis.
|Titolo:||The leaf transcriptome of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.) enables characterization of the t-anethole pathway and the discovery of microsatellites and single-nucleotide variants|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|