Objective: The epidemiological explosion of diabetes is a challenge for Health Systems and the identification of the most appropriate models of care are warranted. The inclusion of primary care physicians in the models is unquestioned whereas the role played by secondary and tertiary care (Diabetes Clinic) is often debated. However, studies focusing on hard endpoints and comparing Diabetes Clinic attendance vs. no attendance are scant.Research design and methods: A meta-analysis was performed including all observational cohort studies performed in Italy, reporting crude and/or adjusted estimates of all-cause mortality in patients with diabetes attending or not attending Diabetes Clinics. Attendance was defined by prescriptions and reimbursement of specialist visits by the National Health System.Results: Three studies enrolling 191,847 subjects with diabetes were included in the analysis, and about half of them had at least one visit in the Diabetes Clinic per year. During the follow-up, ranging 1-11 years, 9653 subjects died. Mortality was remarkably lower in subjects attending Diabetes Clinic (MH-OR 0.70, 95% CI 0.55-0.88, p = 0.002). Results were confirmed after adjusting for confounders (MH-OR 0.81, 95% CI 0.69-0.95, p = 0.009).Conclusions: The results of the present study suggest that attending Diabetes Clinics is associated with a lower all-cause mortality. This finding might be instrumental to implement the best models of care for persons with diabetes. (C) 2018 The Italian Society of Diabetology, the Italian Society for the Study of Atherosclerosis, the Italian Society of Human Nutrition, and the Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, Federico II University. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
|Titolo:||Attending Diabetes Clinics is associated with a lower all-cause mortality. A meta-analysis of observational studies performed in Italy|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|