In this article I discuss the nature of the early Roman kingship and the institution of the rex sacrorum, by reviewing four recently published papers on the subject. First, I critically consider A. Koptev’s theory that none of the Roman kings was ever an optimo iure rex (i.e. a king provided with both sacral and political functions), because all of them were simply reges sacrorum. Secondly, I address the question of whether the last traditional reges – Tarquinius Priscus, Servius Tullius, and Tarquinius Superbus – were properly kings or magistrates of some kind, as supposed by both M. Humm and F. Glinister. In the last part, I examine C. Goldberg’s view that the rex sacrorum still played a significant role in social and religious life during the 3rd-2nd centuries BCE, despite his political restrictions.

Il rex sacrorum alla luce di alcuni studi recenti

Edoardo Bianchi
2018

Abstract

In this article I discuss the nature of the early Roman kingship and the institution of the rex sacrorum, by reviewing four recently published papers on the subject. First, I critically consider A. Koptev’s theory that none of the Roman kings was ever an optimo iure rex (i.e. a king provided with both sacral and political functions), because all of them were simply reges sacrorum. Secondly, I address the question of whether the last traditional reges – Tarquinius Priscus, Servius Tullius, and Tarquinius Superbus – were properly kings or magistrates of some kind, as supposed by both M. Humm and F. Glinister. In the last part, I examine C. Goldberg’s view that the rex sacrorum still played a significant role in social and religious life during the 3rd-2nd centuries BCE, despite his political restrictions.
rex sacrorum, flamen Dialis, pontifex maximus, ordo sacerdotum, pontifical college
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/989083
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