Lactoferrin (Lf) is an 80-kDa basic glycoprotein, a member of the transferrin family of iron-binding proteins. Lf immunoreactivity has been extensively investigated in many neoplastic tissues. Recently, Lf expression was documented in the osteoblastic lineage of bone-forming tumors as well as in osteoblasts of fetal bone.Lactoferrin (Lf) immunoexpression was investigated in 30 human cartilage-forming tumors [15 enchondromas, 6 osteochondromas, 3 chondroblastomas (CBL), 3 chondrosarcomas, and 3 chondromyxoid fibromas (CMF)] as well as in human normal bone specimens and cartilaginous tissues obtained at autopsy from 5 adults and 3 fetuses.In addition, the immunohistochemical expression of Ki-67 antigen was analyzed on parallel sections from the same specimens. Quantification of Lf immunoreactivity was performed by using an intensity distribution (ID) score.Lf immunoexpression with a variable ID score was encountered exclusively in 3 of 3 chondroblastomas and in 3 of 3 chondromyxoid fibromas. Lf immunoreactivity in these tumors, in clear contrast with the Lf absence in enchondromas, osteochondromas, and chondrosarcomas, may suggest a different histogenesis of the former. In agreement with this histogenetic origin, we detected Lf in the chondroblasts and osteoblasts within the fetal tissue, whereas no immunoreactivity was found in the corresponding adult cells. No significant associations were found between the Lf immunoexpression and the Ki 67 LI of the tumors of our series.The presence of Lf in neoplastic cells of CBL and CMF, as well as in fetal cartilaginous tissue, may reflect a less mature phenotype of these tumors.
|Titolo:||Immunolocalization of lactoferrin in cartilage-forming neoplasms|
BARRESI, Valeria [Data Curation]
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|