Introduction: Invasive lobular cancer (ILC) is the second most common type of a heterogeneous group of different histological types of invasive breast carcinoma. Breast cancer can metastatize anywhere, the most common sites are bones, liver, lungs and brain. Gastrointestinal tract (GI) metastases observed in autopsy studies account for about 6% to 18% of the overall metastases from breast cancer. Objective: We describe a 54-year old woman with recurrent ILC in the contralateral breast. She underwent right mastectomy 16 years before. After symptomatic presentation a duodenal invasion was found and subjected to diagnostic scrutiny (FDG PET/CT, diagnostic CT, MR, EGDS). In particular, we analyse if FDG PET/CT is enough accurate in the restaging of the patient. A review of our database and of the literature of similar cases were made. Results: In this patient CT and RM were suspicious for a slow developing process of the duodenum but FDG PET/CT did not show pathological uptake in the affected duodenal tract. A highly intense focus was described in a cervical lymph node, that there isn't metastatic lesion, whereas the recurrent breast lesion had only slight increased glycolytic activity. CONCLUSION: Metastatic lobular carcinoma of the breast is a rare entity with a heterogeneous range of clinical presentations. Detection of eventual gastrointestinal metastases are complicated to assess. ILC has various scale of glycolytic activity both in the primary lesion as well in the metastatic foci. When the level of suspicion is high and there is no uptake of FDG, further investigations are necessary.
|Titolo:||Breast cancer and gastrointestinal metastasis. A case report and review of the literature|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|