To analyze the impact of SBRT on systemic treatment-free survival in patients affected by lung oligometastases. Inclusion criteria of the study were (a) KPS > 70, (b) 1-5 lung oligometastases underwent SBRT with a BED ≥ 100 Gy, (c) absence of extra-thoracic disease, (d) controlled primary tumor, (e) metachronous oligorecurrences for whom SBRT was adopted as primary treatment option, (f) oligoprogressive lung metastases who progressed following a disease remission after a first-line therapy, (g) oligopersistent disease after systemic therapy, and (h) at least 6 months of follow-up post-SBRT. Primary study endpoint was the systemic treatment-free survival for each group, whereas distant progression-free survival (DPFS), local failure-free survival (LFFS), and overall survival (OS) were the secondary endpoints. Seventy-eight patients and 114 lung metastases were analyzed. Of these, 32 patients were treated with SBRT in the oligorecurrence group, whereas the remaining patients underwent SBRT for oligoprogressive disease (n = 35) oligopersistent disease (n = 11). In the whole cohort of patients, the median systemic treatment-free survival was 16 months (3-46 months), the median LFFS was 18 months (12-46 months), the median DPFS was 14 months (3-43 months), and the median OS was 19.6 months (12-47 months). Oligorecurrence group had better clinical outcomes in terms of systemic treatment-free survival (log-rank test p = 0.0035) and DPFS (log-rank test p = 0.0017) compared to the other groups. In the present experience, SBRT allowed to delay the administration of systemic treatments in several settings of lung oligometastasis.

Stereotactic body radiotherapy for lung oligometastases impacts on systemic treatment-free survival: a cohort study

Targher, Giovanni
Formal Analysis
;
2018

Abstract

To analyze the impact of SBRT on systemic treatment-free survival in patients affected by lung oligometastases. Inclusion criteria of the study were (a) KPS > 70, (b) 1-5 lung oligometastases underwent SBRT with a BED ≥ 100 Gy, (c) absence of extra-thoracic disease, (d) controlled primary tumor, (e) metachronous oligorecurrences for whom SBRT was adopted as primary treatment option, (f) oligoprogressive lung metastases who progressed following a disease remission after a first-line therapy, (g) oligopersistent disease after systemic therapy, and (h) at least 6 months of follow-up post-SBRT. Primary study endpoint was the systemic treatment-free survival for each group, whereas distant progression-free survival (DPFS), local failure-free survival (LFFS), and overall survival (OS) were the secondary endpoints. Seventy-eight patients and 114 lung metastases were analyzed. Of these, 32 patients were treated with SBRT in the oligorecurrence group, whereas the remaining patients underwent SBRT for oligoprogressive disease (n = 35) oligopersistent disease (n = 11). In the whole cohort of patients, the median systemic treatment-free survival was 16 months (3-46 months), the median LFFS was 18 months (12-46 months), the median DPFS was 14 months (3-43 months), and the median OS was 19.6 months (12-47 months). Oligorecurrence group had better clinical outcomes in terms of systemic treatment-free survival (log-rank test p = 0.0035) and DPFS (log-rank test p = 0.0017) compared to the other groups. In the present experience, SBRT allowed to delay the administration of systemic treatments in several settings of lung oligometastasis.
Lung oligometastases; Oligometastases; Radiotherapy; SBRT; Systemic therapy
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/984132
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