BackgroundConsidering the important role of miRNAs in the regulation of post-transcriptional expression of target genes, we investigated circulating small non-coding RNAs (snc) RNA levels in patients with primary Sjogren's syndrome (pSS). In addition we assessed if serum sncRNA levels can be used to differentiate patients with specific disease features.MethodsSerum RNA was isolated from 37 pSS patients as well as 21 patients with incomplete Sjogren's Syndrome (iSS) and 17 healthy controls (HC) allocated to two independent cohorts: discovery and validation. OpenArray profiling of 758 sncRNAs was performed in the discovery cohort. Selected sncRNAs were measured in the validation cohort using single-assay RT-qPCR. In addition, unsupervised hierarchical clustering was performed within the pSS group.ResultsTen sncRNAs were differentially expressed between the groups in the array. In the validation cohort, we confirmed the increased expression of U6-snRNA and miR-661 in the iSS group as compared to HC. We were unable to validate differential expression of any miRNAs in the pSS group. However, within this group several miRNAs correlated with laboratory parameters. Unsupervised clustering distinguished three clusters of pSS patients. Patients in one cluster showed significantly higher serum IgG, prevalence of anti-SSB autoantibodies, IFN-score, and decreased leukocyte counts compared to the two other clusters.ConclusionWe were unable to identify any serum sncRNAs with differential expression in pSS patients. However, we show that circulating miRNA levels are associated with disease parameters in pSS patients and can be used to distinguish pSS patients with more severe B cell hyperactivity. As several of these miRNAs are implicated in the regulation of B cells, they may play a role in the perpetuation of the disease.

Circulating small non-coding RNAs reflect IFN status and B cell hyperactivity in patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome

Rossato, Marzia;
2018-01-01

Abstract

BackgroundConsidering the important role of miRNAs in the regulation of post-transcriptional expression of target genes, we investigated circulating small non-coding RNAs (snc) RNA levels in patients with primary Sjogren's syndrome (pSS). In addition we assessed if serum sncRNA levels can be used to differentiate patients with specific disease features.MethodsSerum RNA was isolated from 37 pSS patients as well as 21 patients with incomplete Sjogren's Syndrome (iSS) and 17 healthy controls (HC) allocated to two independent cohorts: discovery and validation. OpenArray profiling of 758 sncRNAs was performed in the discovery cohort. Selected sncRNAs were measured in the validation cohort using single-assay RT-qPCR. In addition, unsupervised hierarchical clustering was performed within the pSS group.ResultsTen sncRNAs were differentially expressed between the groups in the array. In the validation cohort, we confirmed the increased expression of U6-snRNA and miR-661 in the iSS group as compared to HC. We were unable to validate differential expression of any miRNAs in the pSS group. However, within this group several miRNAs correlated with laboratory parameters. Unsupervised clustering distinguished three clusters of pSS patients. Patients in one cluster showed significantly higher serum IgG, prevalence of anti-SSB autoantibodies, IFN-score, and decreased leukocyte counts compared to the two other clusters.ConclusionWe were unable to identify any serum sncRNAs with differential expression in pSS patients. However, we show that circulating miRNA levels are associated with disease parameters in pSS patients and can be used to distinguish pSS patients with more severe B cell hyperactivity. As several of these miRNAs are implicated in the regulation of B cells, they may play a role in the perpetuation of the disease.
Sjögren’s syndrome, circulating microRNA, B cells, Interferon signature
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/977790
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