Context: Increase in drug frequency or dose is recommended for acromegaly patients with partial response to long-acting somatostatin receptor ligands (SRLs). However, the efficacy and safety data with lanreotide (LAN) Autogel (LAN-ATG) at high dose (HD) or high frequency (HF) are still scanty.Objective: To evaluate the biochemical efficacy and safety of HF and HD LAN-ATG in patients with active acromegaly.Design: Twenty-four-week prospective, multicenter, randomized, open-label trial.Patients and Interventions: Thirty patients with active acromegaly, partial responders to SRLs, were randomized to HF (120 mg/21 days; 15 patients) or HD (180 mg/28 days; 15 patients) LAN-ATG.Outcomes: Normalization of serum insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and reduction in random growth hormone (GH) values < 1.0 mu g/L, reduction in serum IGF-I and GH from baseline, differences in biochemical response between HF and HD LAN-ATG, adverse events.Results: IGF-I decreased significantly (P = 0.007) during the 24-week treatment, with greater decrease in HD (P = 0.03) vs HF group (P = 0.08). Normalization in IGF-I values occurred in 27.6% of patients (P = 0.016 vs baseline), without a significant difference between HF and HD groups (P = 0.59). The decrease in serum IGF-I significantly correlated with serum LAN values (P = 0.04), and normalization of IGF-I was predicted by baseline IGF-I values (P = 0.02). Serum GH values did not change significantly (P = 0.22). Overall, 19 patients (63.3%) experienced adverse events, all being mild to moderate and transient, without differences between the two therapeutic arms.Conclusions: HF and HD LAN-ATG regimens are effective in normalizing IGF-I values in about one-third of patients with active acromegaly inadequately controlled by long-term conventional SRLs therapy.
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