The synthesis of lanthanide-activated phosphors is pertinent to many emerging applications, ranging from high-resolution luminescence imaging to next-generation volumetric full-color display. In particular, the optical processes governed by the 4f-5d transitions of divalent and trivalent lanthanides have been the key to enabling precisely tuned color emission. The fundamental importance of lanthanide-activated phosphors for the physical and biomedical sciences has led to rapid development of novel synthetic methodologies and relevant tools that allow for probing the dynamics of energy transfer processes. Here, we review recent progress in developing methods for preparing lanthanide-activated phosphors, especially those featuring 4f-5d optical transitions. Particular attention will be devoted to two widely studied dopants, Ce3+ and Eu2+. The nature of the 4f-5d transition is examined by combining phenomenological theories with quantum mechanical calculations. An emphasis is placed on the correlation of host crystal structures with the 5d-4f luminescence characteristics of lanthanides, including quantum yield, emission color, decay rate, and thermal quenching behavior. Several parameters, namely Debye temperature and dielectric constant of the host crystal, geometrical structure of coordination polyhedron around the luminescent center, and the accurate energies of 4f and 5d levels, as well as the position of 4f and 5d levels relative to the valence and conduction bands of the hosts, are addressed as basic criteria for high-throughput computational design of lanthanide-activated phosphors.
|Titolo:||Lanthanide-Activated Phosphors Based on 4f-5d Optical Transitions: Theoretical and Experimental Aspects|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|