Transforming growth factor alpha (TGF alpha) is a growth factor produced by colon cancer cells which may function as an autocrine growth regulator. Therefore, the proliferation and transformation of colon cancer cells might be attenuated by blocking the production of endogenous TGF alpha. GEO cells, from a human colon carcinoma cell line that expresses TGF alpha and functional epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptors, were infected with a replication-defective, recombinant amphotropic retroviral expression vector containing the neomycin-resistance gene and a 435-bp ApaI-EcoRI coding fragment of the human TGF alpha cDNA oriented in the 3' to 5' direction under the transcriptional control of the heavy-metal-inducible mouse metallothionein I promoter. Following antibiotic selection, G418-resistant colonies were pooled and expanded into a cell line (GEO TGF alpha AS cells). A 50 to 70% inhibition in the production of secreted and cell-associated TGF alpha protein was observed in GEO TGF alpha AS cells that had been maintained in CdCl2-supplemented medium. Moreover, a growth inhibition of 70% and 50% was observed in CdCl2-treated GEO TGF alpha AS cells under anchorage-dependent and anchorage-independent culture conditions, respectively. In contrast, CdCl2 treatment of parental GEO cells had no significant effect upon these parameters. Our results suggest that TGF alpha may be involved in modulating the in vitro cell growth and transformation of human colon cancer cells that express both this growth factor and its cognate receptor.
|Titolo:||Infection with a transforming growth factor alpha anti-sense retroviral expression vector reduces the in vitro growth and transformation of a human colon cancer cell line.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1993|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|