MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are considered 'micro- managers of gene expression' and awareness of their fundamental role in the control of biological functions is constantly increasing. Bone formation and homeostasis are complex processes involving the differentiation and interaction of various cell types. Several miRNAs have been shown to be involved in different pathways and stages in the regulation of normal and abnormal bone formation and turnover. This present review focuses on the involvement of miRNAs in terms of their effect on the commitment of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells towards osteogenesis, adipogenesis and chondrogenesis, respectively. The miRNAs involved in regulating osteoblast, chondroblast and osteoclast activity, are also taken into consideration, as are their interactions. miRNA expression levels, which may differ significantly in healthy versus pathological conditions, can be readily monitored and represent useful biomarkers. Several studies have suggested that miRNAs offer potential as useful biomarkers of bone pathologies, including osteoporosis and osteosarcoma. The development of efficient methods of delivering miRNA mimics or miRNA inhibitors into specific cells remains a challenge for novel therapeutic applications in the field of personalized medicine.
|Titolo:||Role of microRNAs in progenitor cell commitment and osteogenic differentiation in health and disease (Review)|
MOTTES, Monica (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|