Melanoma is an aggressive skin cancer; an early detection of the primary tumor may improve its prognosis. Despite many genes have been shown to be involved in melanoma, the full framework of melanoma transformation has not been completely explored. The characterization of pathways involved in tumor restraint in in vitro models may help to identify oncotarget genes. We therefore aimed to probe novel oncotargets through an integrated approach involving proteomic, gene expression and bioinformatic analysis We investigated molecular modulations in melanoma cells treated with ascorbic acid, which is known to inhibit cancer growth at high concentrations. For this purpose a proteomic approach was applied. A deeper insight into ascorbic acid anticancer activity was achieved; the discovery of deregulated processes suggested further biomarkers. In addition, we evaluated the expression of identified genes as well as the migration ability in several melanoma cell lines. Data obtained by a multidisciplinary approach demonstrated the involvement of Enolase 1 (ENO1), Parkinsonism-associated deglycase (PARK7), Prostaglansin E synthase 3 (PTGES3), Nucleophosmin (NPM1), Stathmin 1 (STMN1) genes in cell transformation and identified Single stranded DNA binding protein 1 (SSBP1) as a possible onco-suppressor in melanoma cancer.

An integrated approach identifies new oncotargets in melanoma

Cecconi, Daniela;Dalle Carbonare, Luca
;
Mori, Antonio;Cheri, Samuele;Deiana, Michela;Brandi, Jessica;Innamorati, Giulio;Mottes, Monica;Malerba, Giovanni;Valenti, Maria Teresa
2018

Abstract

Melanoma is an aggressive skin cancer; an early detection of the primary tumor may improve its prognosis. Despite many genes have been shown to be involved in melanoma, the full framework of melanoma transformation has not been completely explored. The characterization of pathways involved in tumor restraint in in vitro models may help to identify oncotarget genes. We therefore aimed to probe novel oncotargets through an integrated approach involving proteomic, gene expression and bioinformatic analysis We investigated molecular modulations in melanoma cells treated with ascorbic acid, which is known to inhibit cancer growth at high concentrations. For this purpose a proteomic approach was applied. A deeper insight into ascorbic acid anticancer activity was achieved; the discovery of deregulated processes suggested further biomarkers. In addition, we evaluated the expression of identified genes as well as the migration ability in several melanoma cell lines. Data obtained by a multidisciplinary approach demonstrated the involvement of Enolase 1 (ENO1), Parkinsonism-associated deglycase (PARK7), Prostaglansin E synthase 3 (PTGES3), Nucleophosmin (NPM1), Stathmin 1 (STMN1) genes in cell transformation and identified Single stranded DNA binding protein 1 (SSBP1) as a possible onco-suppressor in melanoma cancer.
melanoma; oncotarget; ascorbic acid; gene expression; proteomics
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/973490
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