Acromegalic patients, characterized by excessive secretion of GH and IGF-1, show a high fracture risk but Bone Mineral Density is a poor predictor for bone fractures in these patients. The effects of an excess of GH/IGF1 on skeleton as well as on osteogenic progenitors, i.e. mesenchymal stem cells, have not been investigated in these patients. We aimed to elucidate the skeletal conditions of acromegalic patients by means of bone microarchitecture analysis and evaluation of MSCs osteogenic commitment. In particular, we performed histomorphometric analyses and we quantified the expression levels of the osteogenic transcription factor RUNX2 in circulating MSCs. Our results showed an abnormal microarchitecture and demonstrated that bone impairment in APs is associated with the upregulation of RUNX2 expression. Furthermore, osteoblastic activity was significantly reduced in patients under pharmacological treatment, compared to untreated patients. In conclusion, this study demonstrates the key role of RUNX2 gene overexpression in causing bone impairment in acromegalic patients. It also suggests a therapeutic approach for the improvement of bone quality, focused on the osteoblastic lineage rather than the inhibition of osteoclastic activity.

Runx2 overexpression compromises bone quality in acromegalic patients

Valenti, Maria Teresa;Mottes, Monica
;
Cheri, Samuele;Deiana, Michela;Micheletti, Valentina;Cosaro, Elisa;Davì, Maria Vittoria;Francia, Giuseppe;Dalle Carbonare, Luca
2018

Abstract

Acromegalic patients, characterized by excessive secretion of GH and IGF-1, show a high fracture risk but Bone Mineral Density is a poor predictor for bone fractures in these patients. The effects of an excess of GH/IGF1 on skeleton as well as on osteogenic progenitors, i.e. mesenchymal stem cells, have not been investigated in these patients. We aimed to elucidate the skeletal conditions of acromegalic patients by means of bone microarchitecture analysis and evaluation of MSCs osteogenic commitment. In particular, we performed histomorphometric analyses and we quantified the expression levels of the osteogenic transcription factor RUNX2 in circulating MSCs. Our results showed an abnormal microarchitecture and demonstrated that bone impairment in APs is associated with the upregulation of RUNX2 expression. Furthermore, osteoblastic activity was significantly reduced in patients under pharmacological treatment, compared to untreated patients. In conclusion, this study demonstrates the key role of RUNX2 gene overexpression in causing bone impairment in acromegalic patients. It also suggests a therapeutic approach for the improvement of bone quality, focused on the osteoblastic lineage rather than the inhibition of osteoclastic activity.
RUNX2; acromegaly; mesenchymal stem cells; osteogenesis
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/973488
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