We have prepared and evaluated the physico-chemical and biological properties of four different hyaluronated mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) samples (MSN/HA). Hyaluronic acid (HA) with two different molecular weights (200 and 6.4 kDa) was used for the conjugation of aminopropyl-functionalized MSN (NH2-MSN), following two different procedures. Namely, samples HA200A and HA6.4A were prepared by reacting activated HA with NH2-MSN (method A), while samples HA200B and HA6.4B were obtained carrying out HA activation in the presence of the nanoparticles (method B). The four samples showed similar hydrophilicity, but clear differences in the HA loading, textural properties, surface charge and stability of the suspensions. More in detail, conjugation using low molecular weight HA with method A resulted in low HA loading, with consequent scarce effects on dispersity and stability in physiological media. The highest yield and corresponding best performances were obtained with method B using high molecular weight HA. HA loading and molecular weight also influenced in a concerted way the biological response towards the MSNs of CD44 target cancer cells (CD44+) and control cells (CD44-): MDA-MB-231 and A2780, respectively. The absence of cytotoxicity was assessed. Moreover, the targeting ability of the best performing MSN/HA was confirmed by cellular uptake studies.

Hyaluronated mesoporous silica nanoparticles for active targeting: influence of conjugation method and hyaluronic acid molecular weight on the nanovector properties

Scupoli, Maria Teresa;Malatesta, Manuela;Carton, Flavia;Boschi, Federico;
2018-01-01

Abstract

We have prepared and evaluated the physico-chemical and biological properties of four different hyaluronated mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) samples (MSN/HA). Hyaluronic acid (HA) with two different molecular weights (200 and 6.4 kDa) was used for the conjugation of aminopropyl-functionalized MSN (NH2-MSN), following two different procedures. Namely, samples HA200A and HA6.4A were prepared by reacting activated HA with NH2-MSN (method A), while samples HA200B and HA6.4B were obtained carrying out HA activation in the presence of the nanoparticles (method B). The four samples showed similar hydrophilicity, but clear differences in the HA loading, textural properties, surface charge and stability of the suspensions. More in detail, conjugation using low molecular weight HA with method A resulted in low HA loading, with consequent scarce effects on dispersity and stability in physiological media. The highest yield and corresponding best performances were obtained with method B using high molecular weight HA. HA loading and molecular weight also influenced in a concerted way the biological response towards the MSNs of CD44 target cancer cells (CD44+) and control cells (CD44-): MDA-MB-231 and A2780, respectively. The absence of cytotoxicity was assessed. Moreover, the targeting ability of the best performing MSN/HA was confirmed by cellular uptake studies.
2018
Active targeting; CD44 receptor; Hyaluronic acid; Hydrophilicity; Infrared; MSN; Mesoporous silica nanoparticles; Water adsorption
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/972968
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