Objective To examine the different and health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) outcomes between ileal conduit (IC) and ileal orthotopic neobladder (IONB) in patients who underwent radical cystectomy (RC), by using validated self-reported cancer-specific instruments. Patients and Methods This retrospective, cross-sectional, multicenter cohort study included 148 and 171 patients with either IC or IONB. HR-QoL was evaluated with Quality of Life Core Questionnaire and bladder module (BLM)-30 European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer questionnaires. Baseline HR-QoL scores were dichotomized at the median to give “good” or “poor” score profiles. A matched-pair analysis compared HR-QoL aspects between 79 IC patients and 79 IONB patients. Results At univariate analysis IONB resulted favorable for physical functioning, emotional functioning, cognitive functioning (CF), fatigue, dyspnea, appetite loss, constipation (CO), and abdominal bloating flatulence (AB). At multivariate analyses, IONB showed better scores for emotional functioning (85 vs 79, P =.023), CF (93 vs 85, P <.001), CO (16 vs 31, P <.001), and AB (12 vs 25, P <.001). A significant worsening of sexual and urinary function was observed for IONB patients in the long-term. At matched-pair analysis, global health status was similar (65 vs 62, P =.385). Significantly better scores were observed in the IONB group for the following items: CF (P =.007), fatigue (P =.003), pain (P =.019), dyspnea (P =.016), CO (P =.001), and AB (P =.00). Conclusion IONB and IC after RC were similar in terms of global health status. IONB provides better results in some aspects of HR-QoL related to bowel function, but a worsening of urinary and sexual functions. Further randomized controlled trials are needed to confirm these data.

Health-related Quality of Life After Radical Cystectomy: A Cross-sectional Study With Matched-pair Analysis on Ileal Conduit vs Ileal Orthotopic Neobladder Diversion

Cerruto, Maria Angela
Writing – Review & Editing
;
D'elia, Carolina
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Siracusano, Salvatore
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Cacciamani, Giovanni
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
De Marco, Vincenzo
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Porcaro, Antonio Benito
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Balzarro, Matteo
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Niero, Mauro
Methodology
;
Lonardi, Cristina
Methodology
;
Artibani, Walter
Supervision
2017-01-01

Abstract

Objective To examine the different and health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) outcomes between ileal conduit (IC) and ileal orthotopic neobladder (IONB) in patients who underwent radical cystectomy (RC), by using validated self-reported cancer-specific instruments. Patients and Methods This retrospective, cross-sectional, multicenter cohort study included 148 and 171 patients with either IC or IONB. HR-QoL was evaluated with Quality of Life Core Questionnaire and bladder module (BLM)-30 European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer questionnaires. Baseline HR-QoL scores were dichotomized at the median to give “good” or “poor” score profiles. A matched-pair analysis compared HR-QoL aspects between 79 IC patients and 79 IONB patients. Results At univariate analysis IONB resulted favorable for physical functioning, emotional functioning, cognitive functioning (CF), fatigue, dyspnea, appetite loss, constipation (CO), and abdominal bloating flatulence (AB). At multivariate analyses, IONB showed better scores for emotional functioning (85 vs 79, P =.023), CF (93 vs 85, P <.001), CO (16 vs 31, P <.001), and AB (12 vs 25, P <.001). A significant worsening of sexual and urinary function was observed for IONB patients in the long-term. At matched-pair analysis, global health status was similar (65 vs 62, P =.385). Significantly better scores were observed in the IONB group for the following items: CF (P =.007), fatigue (P =.003), pain (P =.019), dyspnea (P =.016), CO (P =.001), and AB (P =.00). Conclusion IONB and IC after RC were similar in terms of global health status. IONB provides better results in some aspects of HR-QoL related to bowel function, but a worsening of urinary and sexual functions. Further randomized controlled trials are needed to confirm these data.
2017
Health Related Quality of Life; Ileal Orthotopic Neobladder; Ileal Conduit
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/970120
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