We investigated the influence of aging on the group III/IV muscle afferents in the exercise pressor reflex-mediated cardiovascular response to rhythmic exercise. Nine old (OLD; 68 +/- 2 yr) and nine young (YNG; 24 +/- 2 yr) males performed single-leg knee extensor exercise (15 W, 30 W, 80% max) under control conditions and with lumbar intrathecal fentanyl impairing feedback from group III/IV leg muscle afferents. Mean arterial pressure (MAP), cardiac output, leg blood flow (QL), systemic (SVC) and leg vascular conductance (LVC) were continuously determined. With no hemodynamic effect at rest, fentanyl blockade during exercise attenuated both cardiac output and QL similar to 17% in YNG, while the decrease in cardiac output in OLD (similar to 5%) was significantly smaller with no impact on QL (P = 0.8). Therefore, in the face of similar significant similar to 7% reduction in MAP during exercise with fentanyl blockade in both groups, LVC significantly increased similar to 11% in OLD, but decreased similar to 8% in YNG. The opposing direction of change was reflected in SVC with a significant similar to 5% increase in OLD and a similar to 12% decrease in YNG. Thus while cardiac output seems to account for the majority of group III/IV-mediated MAP responses in YNG, the impact of neural feedback on the heart may decrease with age and alterations in SVC become more prominent in mediating the similar exercise pressor reflex in OLD. Interestingly, in terms of peripheral hemodynamics, while group III/IV-mediated feedback plays a clear role in increasing LVC during exercise in the YNG, these afferents seem to actually reduce LVC in OLD. These peripheral findings may help explain the limited exercise-induced peripheral vasodilation often associated with aging.

Aging alters muscle reflex control of autonomic cardiovascular responses to rhythmic contractions in humans

Venturelli, Massimo
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
2015

Abstract

We investigated the influence of aging on the group III/IV muscle afferents in the exercise pressor reflex-mediated cardiovascular response to rhythmic exercise. Nine old (OLD; 68 +/- 2 yr) and nine young (YNG; 24 +/- 2 yr) males performed single-leg knee extensor exercise (15 W, 30 W, 80% max) under control conditions and with lumbar intrathecal fentanyl impairing feedback from group III/IV leg muscle afferents. Mean arterial pressure (MAP), cardiac output, leg blood flow (QL), systemic (SVC) and leg vascular conductance (LVC) were continuously determined. With no hemodynamic effect at rest, fentanyl blockade during exercise attenuated both cardiac output and QL similar to 17% in YNG, while the decrease in cardiac output in OLD (similar to 5%) was significantly smaller with no impact on QL (P = 0.8). Therefore, in the face of similar significant similar to 7% reduction in MAP during exercise with fentanyl blockade in both groups, LVC significantly increased similar to 11% in OLD, but decreased similar to 8% in YNG. The opposing direction of change was reflected in SVC with a significant similar to 5% increase in OLD and a similar to 12% decrease in YNG. Thus while cardiac output seems to account for the majority of group III/IV-mediated MAP responses in YNG, the impact of neural feedback on the heart may decrease with age and alterations in SVC become more prominent in mediating the similar exercise pressor reflex in OLD. Interestingly, in terms of peripheral hemodynamics, while group III/IV-mediated feedback plays a clear role in increasing LVC during exercise in the YNG, these afferents seem to actually reduce LVC in OLD. These peripheral findings may help explain the limited exercise-induced peripheral vasodilation often associated with aging.
afferent feedback; dynamic exercise; exercise pressor reflex; Adult; Aged; Aging; Analgesics, Opioid; Arterial Pressure; Autonomic Nervous System; Cardiac Output; Cardiovascular System; Femoral Artery; Fentanyl; Humans; Leg; Male; Muscle Contraction; Muscle, Skeletal; Quadriceps Muscle; Reflex; Regional Blood Flow; Vasodilation; Young Adult; Cardiovascular Physiological Phenomena
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/969919
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