Here we report the identification of three novel missense mutations in the calsequestrin-1 (CASQ1) gene in four patients with tubular aggregate myopathy. These CASQ1 mutations affect conserved amino acids in position 44 (p.(Asp44Asn)), 103 (p.(Gly103Asp)) and 385 (p.(Ile385Thr)). Functional studies, based on turbidity and dynamic light scattering measurements at increasing Ca(2+) concentrations, showed a reduced Ca(2+) -dependent aggregation for the CASQ1 protein containing p.Asp44Asn and p.Gly103Asp mutations and a slight increase in Ca(2+) -dependent aggregation for the p.Ile385Thr. Accordingly, limited trypsin proteolysis assay showed that p.Asp44Asn and p.Gly103Asp were more susceptible to trypsin cleavage in presence of Ca(2+) in comparison to WT and p.Ile385Thr. Analysis of single muscle fibers of a patient carrying the p.Gly103Asp mutation showed a significant reduction in the response to caffeine stimulation, compared to normal control fibers. Expression of CASQ1 mutations in eukaryotic cells revealed a reduced ability of all these CASQ1 mutants to store Ca(2+) and a reduced inhibitory effect of p.Ile385Thr and p.Asp44Asn on store operated Ca(2+) entry. These results widen the spectrum of skeletal muscle diseases associated to CASQ1 and indicate that these mutations affect properties critical for correct Ca(2+) handling in skeletal muscle fibers. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
|Titolo:||Identification and characterization of three novel mutations in the CASQ1 gene in four patients with tubular aggregate myopathy|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|