Light harvesting for oxygenic photosynthesis is regulated to prevent the formation of harmful photoproducts by activation of photoprotective mechanisms safely dissipating the energy absorbed in excess. Lumen acidification is the trigger for the formation of quenching states in pigment binding complexes. With the aim to uncover the photoprotective functional states responsible for excess energy dissipation in green algae and mosses, we compared the fluorescence dynamic properties of the light-harvesting complex stress-related (LHCSR1) protein, which is essential for fast and reversible regulation of light use efficiency in lower plants, as compared to the major LHCII antenna protein, which mainly fulfills light harvesting function. Both LHCII and LHCSR1 had a chlorophyll fluorescence yield and lifetime strongly dependent on detergent concentration but the transition from long- to short-living states was far more complete and fast in the latter. Low pH and zeaxanthin binding enhanced the relative amplitude of quenched states in LHCSR1, which were characterized by the presence of 80 ps fluorescence decay components with a red-shifted emission spectrum. We suggest that energy dissipation occurs in the chloroplast by the activation of 80 ps quenching sites in LHCSR1 which spill over excitons from the photosystem II antenna system.

Functional modulation of LHCSR1 protein from Physcomitrella patens by zeaxanthin binding and low pH

PINNOLA, Alberta;BALLOTTARI, Matteo;BASSI, Roberto
2017

Abstract

Light harvesting for oxygenic photosynthesis is regulated to prevent the formation of harmful photoproducts by activation of photoprotective mechanisms safely dissipating the energy absorbed in excess. Lumen acidification is the trigger for the formation of quenching states in pigment binding complexes. With the aim to uncover the photoprotective functional states responsible for excess energy dissipation in green algae and mosses, we compared the fluorescence dynamic properties of the light-harvesting complex stress-related (LHCSR1) protein, which is essential for fast and reversible regulation of light use efficiency in lower plants, as compared to the major LHCII antenna protein, which mainly fulfills light harvesting function. Both LHCII and LHCSR1 had a chlorophyll fluorescence yield and lifetime strongly dependent on detergent concentration but the transition from long- to short-living states was far more complete and fast in the latter. Low pH and zeaxanthin binding enhanced the relative amplitude of quenched states in LHCSR1, which were characterized by the presence of 80 ps fluorescence decay components with a red-shifted emission spectrum. We suggest that energy dissipation occurs in the chloroplast by the activation of 80 ps quenching sites in LHCSR1 which spill over excitons from the photosystem II antenna system.
Antenna complex, Non-photochemical quenching, photoprotection
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/969362
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