We describe the case of a woman who came to our attention for acute onset and very rapidly worsening left hemiplegia, vision loss and cognitive impairment. MRI, laboratory and clinical investigations were highly suggestive of an active inflammatory demyelinating disease. Following exclusion of other possible etiologies, a diagnosis of Marburg's variant multiple sclerosis was made. After repeated high-dose steroids and plasma-exchange, the patient was treated with a first course of alemtuzumab followed by improvement of the clinical and MRI picture. This is the first reported case of Marburg type multiple sclerosis treated with alemtuzumab.

A case of acute fulminant multiple sclerosis treated with alemtuzumab

Gobbin, Francesca
;
MARANGI, Antonio;ORLANDI, RICCARDO;RICHELLI, Silvia;TURATTI, Marco;CALABRESE, Massimiliano;ALESSANDRINI, FRANCO;BENEDETTI, MARIADONATA;MONACO, Salvatore;GAJOFATTO, Alberto
2017-01-01

Abstract

We describe the case of a woman who came to our attention for acute onset and very rapidly worsening left hemiplegia, vision loss and cognitive impairment. MRI, laboratory and clinical investigations were highly suggestive of an active inflammatory demyelinating disease. Following exclusion of other possible etiologies, a diagnosis of Marburg's variant multiple sclerosis was made. After repeated high-dose steroids and plasma-exchange, the patient was treated with a first course of alemtuzumab followed by improvement of the clinical and MRI picture. This is the first reported case of Marburg type multiple sclerosis treated with alemtuzumab.
Alemtuzumab; Fulminant multiple sclerosis; Marburg's variant multiple; Sclerosis
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/969267
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