Chronic motor cortex stimulation is a treatment option for neuropathic drug-resistant pain and possibly associated movement disorders. Preliminary studies suggest the possibility to treat symptoms of Parkinson disease in selected patients. Recently, MCS has been suggested to enhance motor recovery in patients with poststroke hemiparesis. One or more electrodes are placed extradurally over the motor cortex through a burr hole or a small craniotomy, and then connected to a totally implantable neurostimulator. The accurate positioning of the stimulating electrodes over the motor cortex is the key point of the surgical procedure. Motor cortex identification results from the integration of anatomical, neuroradiological, functional, and neurophysiological data, taking into account the huge population variability. Intraoperative neurophysiological mapping of the motor cortex is of paramount importance, in spite of very sophisticated neuroradiological mathematical reconstructions of the motor area. We discuss and compare the different techniques that are utilized by different authors. Moreover, clinical neurophysiology is also helpful in evaluating the results of this neuromodulation procedure and in hypothesizing the mechanisms that are put in play by MCS. (c) 2007 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
|Titolo:||Neurophysiological aspects of chronic motor cortex stimulation|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|