The article analyzes Sophocles’ fragment TrGF 4 F *432, a catalogue of Palamedes’ beneficia to mankind. Since the sixteenth century, various attempts have been made to restore the text. The article specifically focuses on the syntagm οὐράνια σήματα (l. 3) and argues that it can be interpreted as a reference to the invention of φρυκτωρία, the art of making signals by fire, which is also mentioned in the fragment. According to this interpretation, the ‘heavenly signs’ may carry an allusion to the future revenge of Nauplius, Palamedes’ father. Lastly, the fragment is attributed to the Ναύπλιος καταπλέων instead of the Ν. πυρκαεύς.
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