OBJECTIVE: This study aims to describe the association between pre- and post-discharge factors and early readmission to acute psychiatric wards in a well-integrated community-based psychiatric service.METHODS: The analysis consisted of all the hospital discharge records containing a psychiatric diagnosis in 2011 from four Italian acute inpatient wards. Socio-demographic, clinical, admission and aftercare variables were investigated as possible predictors of readmission at 7, 30 and 90days after discharge and were analyzed, controlling for dependency among same-patient observations.RESULTS: Previous psychiatric history was the most important predictor of readmissions. The socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of patients did not clearly influence readmission. Length of stay (LoS) was significant for readmission at 7days even after controlling for other predictors and for same-patient dependence, in particular, for patients with previous admissions. Results suggest a protective role of a LoS higher than 28days. In general, having a contact in community services did not turn out as protective from early readmission.CONCLUSIONS: This paper contributes to increase the knowledge about factors that may predict the risk of early readmission. Implications for quality assessment in psychiatry emerged: readmission seems actionable by LoS and not by community follow-up.

Pre- and post-discharge factors influencing early readmission to acute psychiatric wards: implications for quality-of-care indicators in psychiatry

DONISI, Valeria
;
Tedeschi, Federico;SALAZZARI, Damiano;AMADDEO, Francesco
2016-01-01

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to describe the association between pre- and post-discharge factors and early readmission to acute psychiatric wards in a well-integrated community-based psychiatric service.METHODS: The analysis consisted of all the hospital discharge records containing a psychiatric diagnosis in 2011 from four Italian acute inpatient wards. Socio-demographic, clinical, admission and aftercare variables were investigated as possible predictors of readmission at 7, 30 and 90days after discharge and were analyzed, controlling for dependency among same-patient observations.RESULTS: Previous psychiatric history was the most important predictor of readmissions. The socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of patients did not clearly influence readmission. Length of stay (LoS) was significant for readmission at 7days even after controlling for other predictors and for same-patient dependence, in particular, for patients with previous admissions. Results suggest a protective role of a LoS higher than 28days. In general, having a contact in community services did not turn out as protective from early readmission.CONCLUSIONS: This paper contributes to increase the knowledge about factors that may predict the risk of early readmission. Implications for quality assessment in psychiatry emerged: readmission seems actionable by LoS and not by community follow-up.
continuity of care; length of stay; psychiatric services; quality of care; readmission
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/935544
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