Objectives Intraoperative assessment of the proper neochordal length during mitral plasty may be complex sometimes. Patient-specific finite element models were used to elucidate the biomechanical drawbacks underlying an apparently correct mitral repair for isolated posterior prolapse. Methods Preoperative patient-specific models were derived from cardiac magnetic resonance images; integrated with intraoperative surgical details to assess the location and extent of the prolapsing region, including the number and type of diseased chordae; and complemented by the biomechanical properties of mitral leaflets, chordae tendineae, and artificial neochordae. We investigated postoperative mitral valve biomechanics in a wide spectrum of different techniques (single neochorda, double neochordae, and preconfigured neochordal loop), all reestablishing adequate valvular competence, but differing in suboptimal millimetric expanded polytetrafluoroethylene suture lengths in a range of ±2 mm, compared with the corresponding "ideal repair." Results Despite the absence of residual regurgitation, alterations in chordal forces and leaflet stresses arose simulating suboptimal repairs; alterations were increasingly relevant as more complex prolapse anatomies were considered and were worst when simulating single neochorda implantation. Multiple chordae implantations were less sensitive to errors in neochordal length tuning, but associated postoperative biomechanics were hampered when asymmetric configurations were reproduced. Computational outcomes were consistent with the presence and entity of recurrent mitral regurgitation at midterm follow-up of simulated patients. Conclusions Suboptimal suture length tuning significantly alters chordal forces and leaflet stresses, which may be key parameters in determining the long-term outcome of the repair. The comparison of the different simulated techniques suggests possible criteria for the selection and implementation of neochordae implantation techniques.

Biomechanical drawbacks of different techniques of mitral neochordal implantation: When an apparently optimal repair can fail

Sturla, Francesco;ONORATI, FRANCESCO;PECHLIVANIDIS, KONSTANTINOS;Pappalardo, Omar Antonio;GOTTIN, Leonardo;MILANO, Aldo Domenico;PUPPINI, Giovanni;FAGGIAN, Giuseppe
2015

Abstract

Objectives Intraoperative assessment of the proper neochordal length during mitral plasty may be complex sometimes. Patient-specific finite element models were used to elucidate the biomechanical drawbacks underlying an apparently correct mitral repair for isolated posterior prolapse. Methods Preoperative patient-specific models were derived from cardiac magnetic resonance images; integrated with intraoperative surgical details to assess the location and extent of the prolapsing region, including the number and type of diseased chordae; and complemented by the biomechanical properties of mitral leaflets, chordae tendineae, and artificial neochordae. We investigated postoperative mitral valve biomechanics in a wide spectrum of different techniques (single neochorda, double neochordae, and preconfigured neochordal loop), all reestablishing adequate valvular competence, but differing in suboptimal millimetric expanded polytetrafluoroethylene suture lengths in a range of ±2 mm, compared with the corresponding "ideal repair." Results Despite the absence of residual regurgitation, alterations in chordal forces and leaflet stresses arose simulating suboptimal repairs; alterations were increasingly relevant as more complex prolapse anatomies were considered and were worst when simulating single neochorda implantation. Multiple chordae implantations were less sensitive to errors in neochordal length tuning, but associated postoperative biomechanics were hampered when asymmetric configurations were reproduced. Computational outcomes were consistent with the presence and entity of recurrent mitral regurgitation at midterm follow-up of simulated patients. Conclusions Suboptimal suture length tuning significantly alters chordal forces and leaflet stresses, which may be key parameters in determining the long-term outcome of the repair. The comparison of the different simulated techniques suggests possible criteria for the selection and implementation of neochordae implantation techniques.
finite element models; mitral neochordoplasty; mitral valve prolapse; mitral valve repair; suture length
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/933293
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