The assessment of platelet function by multiple electrode aggregometry (MEA) (Multiplate, Roche Diagnostics GmbH) is common in laboratory hematology. As regards the ISO 15189:2012 international standard, appropriate use of laboratory equipment requires appropriate pre-examination activities (e.g., blood collection). Venous stasis can influence several blood analytes, but the tourniquet time is rarely regarded as a source of variability. Aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of venous stasis on platelet function by MEA. A total of 6 ml of blood was collected from 20 volunteers into two 3.0 ml Hirudin vacuum tube (Roche Diagnostics GmbH), and subjected to two procedures: procedure 1 (no stasis) - collection after localization of forearm vein by subcutaneous tissue transilluminator device without tourniquet; procedure 2 (stasis) - collection after localization of vein by prior 60 s tourniquet application. Samples were processed on Multiplate, for: ADP-test (without prostaglandin E1), ADP HS-test (with prostaglandin E1), ASPI-test, COL-test, RISTO H-test (high concentration, 0.77 mg/ml), RISTO L-test (low concentration, 0.20 mg/ml), and TRAP-test. The significance of the differences between samples was assessed by Wilcoxon ranked-pairs test. Surprisingly, the results of ADP HS-test, ASPI-test, COL-test, and RISTO H-test appeared unbiased by venous stasis. RISTO L-test, ADP-test, and TRAP-test were significantly biased; the mean percent difference between stasis and no stasis were -7.2% (P = 0.040), -28.4% (P = 0.015), and 1.1% (P = 0.031), respectively. In conclusion, the tourniquet should be avoided when assessing platelet function by MEA.

Venous stasis and whole blood platelet aggregometry: a question of data reliability and patient safety

De Souza Lima Oliveira, Gabriel;LIPPI, Giuseppe;SALVAGNO, GIAN LUCA;GAINO, Stefania;POLI, GIOVANNI;GELATI, Matteo;GUIDI, Giancesare
2015-01-01

Abstract

The assessment of platelet function by multiple electrode aggregometry (MEA) (Multiplate, Roche Diagnostics GmbH) is common in laboratory hematology. As regards the ISO 15189:2012 international standard, appropriate use of laboratory equipment requires appropriate pre-examination activities (e.g., blood collection). Venous stasis can influence several blood analytes, but the tourniquet time is rarely regarded as a source of variability. Aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of venous stasis on platelet function by MEA. A total of 6 ml of blood was collected from 20 volunteers into two 3.0 ml Hirudin vacuum tube (Roche Diagnostics GmbH), and subjected to two procedures: procedure 1 (no stasis) - collection after localization of forearm vein by subcutaneous tissue transilluminator device without tourniquet; procedure 2 (stasis) - collection after localization of vein by prior 60 s tourniquet application. Samples were processed on Multiplate, for: ADP-test (without prostaglandin E1), ADP HS-test (with prostaglandin E1), ASPI-test, COL-test, RISTO H-test (high concentration, 0.77 mg/ml), RISTO L-test (low concentration, 0.20 mg/ml), and TRAP-test. The significance of the differences between samples was assessed by Wilcoxon ranked-pairs test. Surprisingly, the results of ADP HS-test, ASPI-test, COL-test, and RISTO H-test appeared unbiased by venous stasis. RISTO L-test, ADP-test, and TRAP-test were significantly biased; the mean percent difference between stasis and no stasis were -7.2% (P = 0.040), -28.4% (P = 0.015), and 1.1% (P = 0.031), respectively. In conclusion, the tourniquet should be avoided when assessing platelet function by MEA.
platelet function, aggregometry, laboratory hematology
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/927581
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