Finding the shortest paths from a single source to all other vertices is a common problem in graph analysis. The Bellman-Ford's algorithm is the solution that solves such a single-source shortest path (SSSP) problem and better applies to be parallelized for many-core architectures. Nevertheless, the high degree of parallelism is guaranteed at the cost of low work efficiency, which, compared to similar algorithms in literature (e.g., Dijkstra's) involves much more redundant work and a consequent waste of power consumption. This article presents a parallel implementation of the Bellman-Ford algorithm that exploits the architectural characteristics of recent GPU architectures (i.e., NVIDIA Kepler, Maxwell) to improve both performance and work efficiency. The article presents different optimizations to the implementation, which are oriented both to the algorithm and to the architecture. The experimental results show that the proposed implementation provides an average speedup of 5x higher than the existing most efficient parallel implementations for SSSP, that it works on graphs where those implementations cannot work or are inefficient (e.g., graphs with negative weight edges, sparse graphs), and that it sensibly reduces the redundant work caused by the parallelization process.

An efficient implementation of the Bellman-Ford algorithm for Kepler GPU architectures

BUSATO, FEDERICO;BOMBIERI, Nicola
2016-01-01

Abstract

Finding the shortest paths from a single source to all other vertices is a common problem in graph analysis. The Bellman-Ford's algorithm is the solution that solves such a single-source shortest path (SSSP) problem and better applies to be parallelized for many-core architectures. Nevertheless, the high degree of parallelism is guaranteed at the cost of low work efficiency, which, compared to similar algorithms in literature (e.g., Dijkstra's) involves much more redundant work and a consequent waste of power consumption. This article presents a parallel implementation of the Bellman-Ford algorithm that exploits the architectural characteristics of recent GPU architectures (i.e., NVIDIA Kepler, Maxwell) to improve both performance and work efficiency. The article presents different optimizations to the implementation, which are oriented both to the algorithm and to the architecture. The experimental results show that the proposed implementation provides an average speedup of 5x higher than the existing most efficient parallel implementations for SSSP, that it works on graphs where those implementations cannot work or are inefficient (e.g., graphs with negative weight edges, sparse graphs), and that it sensibly reduces the redundant work caused by the parallelization process.
SSSP, Bellman-Ford, GPU, CUDA, Kepler
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/927383
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