AimsStudy of the changes in soil microbial biomass, enzyme activity and the microbial community structure in the rhizosphere of two contrasting maize lines differing in the nitrogen use efficiency (NUE).MethodsThe Lo5 and T250 inbred maize characterized by high and low NUE, respectively, were grown in rhizoboxes allowing precise sampling of rhizosphere and bulk soil and solution. We also determined microbial biomass, enzyme activities involved in the C, N, P and S cycles, and the microbial community structure using a phylogenetic group specific PCR-DGGE approach in the rhizosphere and bulk soil of both Lo5 and T250 maize lines.ResultsHigh NUE Lo5 maize induced faster inorganic N depletion in the rhizosphere and larger changes in microbial biomass and enzyme activities than the low NUE T250 maize line. The two maize lines induced differences in the studied microbial groups in the rhizosphere, with the larger modifications induced by the high NUE Lo5 maize line.ConclusionsThe Lo5 maize line with higher NUE induced larger changes in soil chemical properties and in the enzyme activity, soil microbial biomass and community structure than the low NUE T250 maize line, probably due to differences in the root exudates of the two maize lines.

Enzyme activity and microbial community structure in the rhizosphere of two maize lines differing in N use efficiency

VARANINI, Zeno;
2015

Abstract

AimsStudy of the changes in soil microbial biomass, enzyme activity and the microbial community structure in the rhizosphere of two contrasting maize lines differing in the nitrogen use efficiency (NUE).MethodsThe Lo5 and T250 inbred maize characterized by high and low NUE, respectively, were grown in rhizoboxes allowing precise sampling of rhizosphere and bulk soil and solution. We also determined microbial biomass, enzyme activities involved in the C, N, P and S cycles, and the microbial community structure using a phylogenetic group specific PCR-DGGE approach in the rhizosphere and bulk soil of both Lo5 and T250 maize lines.ResultsHigh NUE Lo5 maize induced faster inorganic N depletion in the rhizosphere and larger changes in microbial biomass and enzyme activities than the low NUE T250 maize line. The two maize lines induced differences in the studied microbial groups in the rhizosphere, with the larger modifications induced by the high NUE Lo5 maize line.ConclusionsThe Lo5 maize line with higher NUE induced larger changes in soil chemical properties and in the enzyme activity, soil microbial biomass and community structure than the low NUE T250 maize line, probably due to differences in the root exudates of the two maize lines.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/909424
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