Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) is an emerging life-threatening infection in immuno-compromised patients. The incidence of IPA following kidney transplantation is low (between 0.7 and 4%), yet mortality remains unacceptably high (75-80%). A first line therapy with voriconazole or lipid formulations of amphotericin B is often limited by co-morbidities, adverse effects and drug interactions. The case within this publication is the first described report of IPA in a renal transplant recipient responding to aerosolized amphotericin B lipid complex.
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