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|Titolo:||Degradation of constitutive transcription factors during apoptosis in rat thymocytes|
|Autori interni:||ARMATO, Ubaldo|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1994|
|Rivista:||BIOCHEMISTRY AND CELL BIOLOGY|
|Abstract:||Dexamethasone (Dex) accelerates the rate of apoptosis in thymocytes by a process thought to require gene expression. Among the genes implicated in the regulation of this phenomenon are the immediate early genes such as c-fos and c-jun, whose expression is modulated by a complement of preexisting transcription factors. We have analyzed the DNA-binding activity of these constitutive transcription factors during Dex-induced apoptosis in thymocytes to assess their functionality. We observed a progressive loss of the DNA-binding proteins in parallel with the appearance of the characteristic morphological and biochemical features of apoptosis. At the same time we have found a general increase in the nuclear proteolytic activity concomitant with a significant loss of the nuclear nonhistone chromosomal proteins. Indeed, cotreatment of thymocytes with the nonspecific serine protease inhibitor phenylmethylsulphonyl fluoride was able to partially protect the stability of the DNA-binding proteins and alter the expression of the c-fos and c-jun genes but did not inhibit apoptosis. Our results suggest that the action of a protease(s) is responsible for the degradation of constitutive transcription factors during Dex-induced apoptosis, rendering the death pathway irreversible.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|
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