The aim of this study was to assess the antihypertensive efficacy and safety of aliskiren versus ramipril or losartan in hypertensive patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, microalbuminuria and uncontrolled hypertension, despite the use of optimal conventional antihypertensive therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this open-label active comparator study, 126 patients were randomly assigned to receive 24 weeks of additional therapy with aliskiren (Group A) or either losartan or ramipril (Group B), according to whether a patient was already treated with an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor or an angiotensin receptor blocker, respectively. RESULTS: After 24 weeks, both treatment groups experienced a significant reduction of systolic blood pressure (-11.37% and -8.47%, respectively; both p <0.001 vs. baseline) and diastolic blood pressure levels (-10.67% and -9.28%, respectively; both p <0.001 vs. baseline), with a greater reduction of mean systolic values in Group A compared with Group B (p <0.001). Furthermore, after six months microalbuminuria was significantly decreased in both treatment groups (-67.62% and -49.1%, respectively; both p <0.001), with a reduction rate in Group A significantly higher than in Group B (p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The addition of aliskiren to optimal conventional therapy provided a higher reduction of blood pressure and urinary albumin excretion when compared with the addition of losartan or ramipril.

Combination therapy with aliskiren versus ramipril or losartan added to conventional therapy in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, uncontrolled hypertension and microalbuminuria.

DALBENI, Andrea;
2014

Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess the antihypertensive efficacy and safety of aliskiren versus ramipril or losartan in hypertensive patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, microalbuminuria and uncontrolled hypertension, despite the use of optimal conventional antihypertensive therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this open-label active comparator study, 126 patients were randomly assigned to receive 24 weeks of additional therapy with aliskiren (Group A) or either losartan or ramipril (Group B), according to whether a patient was already treated with an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor or an angiotensin receptor blocker, respectively. RESULTS: After 24 weeks, both treatment groups experienced a significant reduction of systolic blood pressure (-11.37% and -8.47%, respectively; both p <0.001 vs. baseline) and diastolic blood pressure levels (-10.67% and -9.28%, respectively; both p <0.001 vs. baseline), with a greater reduction of mean systolic values in Group A compared with Group B (p <0.001). Furthermore, after six months microalbuminuria was significantly decreased in both treatment groups (-67.62% and -49.1%, respectively; both p <0.001), with a reduction rate in Group A significantly higher than in Group B (p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The addition of aliskiren to optimal conventional therapy provided a higher reduction of blood pressure and urinary albumin excretion when compared with the addition of losartan or ramipril.
Aliskiren; hypertension
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/881592
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