A precise identification of adult human hemangioblast is still lacking. To identify circulating precursors having the developmental potential of the hemangioblast, we established a new ex vivo long-term culture model supporting the differentiation of both hematopoietic and endothelial cell lineages. We identified from peripheral blood a population lacking the expression of CD34, lineage markers, CD45 and CD133 (CD34⁻Lin⁻CD45⁻CD133⁻ cells), endowed with the ability to differentiate after a 6-week culture into both hematopoietic and endothelial lineages. The bilineage potential of CD34⁻Lin⁻CD45⁻CD133⁻ cells was determined at the single-cell level in vitro and was confirmed by transplantation into NOD/SCID mice. In vivo, CD34⁻Lin⁻CD45⁻CD133⁻ cells showed the ability to reconstitute hematopoietic tissue and to generate functional endothelial cells that contribute to new vessel formation during tumor angiogenesis. Molecular characterization of CD34⁻Lin⁻D45⁻CD133⁻ cells unveiled a stem cell profile compatible with both hematopoietic and endothelial potentials, characterized by the expression of c-Kit and CXCR4 as well as EphB4, EphB2, and ephrinB2. Further molecular and functional characterization of CD34⁻Lin⁻CD45⁻CD133⁻ cells will help dissect their physiologic role in blood and blood vessel maintenance and repair in adult life.

Adult human circulating CD34-Lin-CD45-CD133- cells can differentiate into hematopoietic and endothelial cells

BASON, Caterina;
2011-01-01

Abstract

A precise identification of adult human hemangioblast is still lacking. To identify circulating precursors having the developmental potential of the hemangioblast, we established a new ex vivo long-term culture model supporting the differentiation of both hematopoietic and endothelial cell lineages. We identified from peripheral blood a population lacking the expression of CD34, lineage markers, CD45 and CD133 (CD34⁻Lin⁻CD45⁻CD133⁻ cells), endowed with the ability to differentiate after a 6-week culture into both hematopoietic and endothelial lineages. The bilineage potential of CD34⁻Lin⁻CD45⁻CD133⁻ cells was determined at the single-cell level in vitro and was confirmed by transplantation into NOD/SCID mice. In vivo, CD34⁻Lin⁻CD45⁻CD133⁻ cells showed the ability to reconstitute hematopoietic tissue and to generate functional endothelial cells that contribute to new vessel formation during tumor angiogenesis. Molecular characterization of CD34⁻Lin⁻D45⁻CD133⁻ cells unveiled a stem cell profile compatible with both hematopoietic and endothelial potentials, characterized by the expression of c-Kit and CXCR4 as well as EphB4, EphB2, and ephrinB2. Further molecular and functional characterization of CD34⁻Lin⁻CD45⁻CD133⁻ cells will help dissect their physiologic role in blood and blood vessel maintenance and repair in adult life.
hemangioblast; endothelial
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/879983
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