Astrocytes' roles in late-onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD) promotion are important, since they survive soluble or fibrillar amyloid-β peptides (Aβs) neurotoxic effects, undergo alterations of intracellular and intercellular Ca(2+) signaling and gliotransmitters release via the Aβ/α7-nAChR (α7-nicotinic acetylcholine receptor) signaling, and overproduce/oversecrete newly synthesized Aβ42 oligomers, NO, and VEGF-A via the Aβ/CaSR (calcium-sensing receptor) signaling. Recently, it was suggested that the NMDAR (N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor) inhibitor nitromemantine would block the synapse-destroying effects of Aβ/α7-nAChR signaling. Yet, this and the progressive extracellular accrual and spreading of Aβ42 oligomers would be stopped well upstream by NPS 2143, an allosteric CaSR antagonist (calcilytic).
|Titolo:||Antagonizing amyloid-beta/calcium-sensing receptor signaling in human astrocytes and neurons: a key to halt Alzheimer's disease progression?|
|Autori interni:||DAL PRÀ, Ilaria Pierpaola|
CHIARINI, Anna Maria
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Rivista:||NEURAL REGENERATION RESEARCH|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|