Given two inconsistent formulae, a (reverse) interpolant is a formula implied by one, inconsistent with the other, and only containing symbols they share. Interpolation finds application in program analysis, verification, and synthesis, for example, towards invariant generation. An interpolation system takes a refutation of the inconsistent formulae and extracts an interpolant by building it inductively from partial interpolants. Known interpolation systems for ground proofs use colors to track symbols. We show by examples that the color-based approach cannot handle non-ground refutations by resolution and paramodulation/superposition. We present a two-stage approach that works by tracking literals, computes a provisional interpolant, which may contain non-shared symbols, and applies lifting to replace non-shared constants by quantified variables. We obtain an interpolation system for non-ground refutations, and we prove that it is complete, if the only non-shared symbols in provisional interpolants are constants.

On interpolation in automated theorem proving

BONACINA, Maria Paola;
2015

Abstract

Given two inconsistent formulae, a (reverse) interpolant is a formula implied by one, inconsistent with the other, and only containing symbols they share. Interpolation finds application in program analysis, verification, and synthesis, for example, towards invariant generation. An interpolation system takes a refutation of the inconsistent formulae and extracts an interpolant by building it inductively from partial interpolants. Known interpolation systems for ground proofs use colors to track symbols. We show by examples that the color-based approach cannot handle non-ground refutations by resolution and paramodulation/superposition. We present a two-stage approach that works by tracking literals, computes a provisional interpolant, which may contain non-shared symbols, and applies lifting to replace non-shared constants by quantified variables. We obtain an interpolation system for non-ground refutations, and we prove that it is complete, if the only non-shared symbols in provisional interpolants are constants.
Interpolation Systems; Resolution; Superposition
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/801564
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