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|Titolo:||Anaplastic large cell lymphoma treated with a leukemia-like therapy: report of the Italian Association of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology (AIEOP) LNH-92 protocol.|
|Autori interni:||CESARO, SIMONE|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Abstract:||BACKGROUND: Childhood anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) is a well defined entity with a rather poor prognosis. Different approaches have been adopted in the treatment of ALCL in various cooperative trials, including short high-dose intensive therapy and leukemia-like protocols. In the early 1990s, the Italian Association of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology (AIEOP) initiated a multicenter trial for the treatment of ALCL based on a modified LSA2-L2 protocol. METHODS: Thirty-four consecutive eligible children with newly diagnosed ALCL were enrolled in the AIEOP LNH-92 protocol. Treatment was comprised of an induction of remission phase, followed by consolidation and maintenance for a total duration of 24 months, independently of disease stage. RESULTS: Thirty of 34 patients (88%) achieved complete disease remission and 8 patients experienced disease recurrence. With a median follow-up of 8.4 years, the probabilities of survival and event-free survival were 85% (range, 79-91%)and 65% (range, 57-73%), respectively. Therapy was well tolerated and hematologic toxicity was the most frequent toxicity. CONCLUSIONS: The leukemia-like protocol AIEOP LNH-92 was found to be an effective treatment for childhood ALCL. Its long duration may be beneficial to specific patient subgroups, but optimal treatment duration in ALCL remains to be elucidated.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|
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